Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Weathering And Erosion Deck (38)
Name the three categories of rocks
Sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic
What is the changing of rock called
What is the process of breaking down rocks called?
What kind of weathering breaks rocks into smaller and smaller pieces?
What kind of weathering forms rocks into new substances?
What are three examples of mechanical weathering?
Frost heaving, abrasion, hoodoo
What is the word for the reaction of acids with minerals and the rocks?
What acid is form one carbon dioxide dissolves in the water?
What kind of acid is in acid rain?
What kind of rocks hang from the ceilings and look like stone icicles in a cave?
What kind of rocks appear to grow up from the ground as a result of the dripping of dissolved calcite?
What are people who enjoy exploring caves called?
What is the loose material at the surface of the earth called?
What are scientist who study soil called?
What is the largest kind of particle?
What is the smallest kind of particle?
What is the third kind of particle it's tiny yet larger than clay?
What is the texture of the soil referring to?
How much of each particles are in the soil sample
What is the name of the soil has an equal amount of all three particles?
What is the name for the layers of soil?
List the layers of soil from top to bottom.
topsoil or A horizon,
subsoils or B horizon,
bedrock or R horizon
What are the small particles produced by weathering called?
What takes place when weathered material moves form one location to another?
What is the name for the factors often involved in the transportation of weathered material?
Agents of erosion
What occurs when wind water or ice drops sediments and rocks in a new location?
What is it called when gravity is the primary force that moves rocks and sediments?
Name five examples of mass movements.
Soil creep, earth flow, mudflow, rockslide, avalanche
What is the sediment that a stream carries called?
What is the name of an area that commonly floods?