Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23 Deck (19):
1

communism

an economic and political system in which the government owns all business and controls the economy

2

fascism

a political philosophy based on nationalism and strong government

3

The Allies

Great Britian and France

4

Axis powers

When Germany, Italy and Japan joined forces.

5

Franklin Roosevelt

He made America join The Allies.

6

Holocaust

Nazi's effort to wipe out Jewish people

7

genocide

the deliberate destruction of a people

8

Cold War

a period of tense rivalry betweenthe superpowers but no direct fighting

9

Mohandas Gandhi

led a growing independence movement in India

10

ideologies

systems or beliefs

11

Korean War

In 1950 Communist North Korea invaded non-Communist South Korea

12

Vietnam War

In 1957 the Communist began to overthrow the south

13

Ronald Reagan

expanding U.S military forces and weapons

14

Mikhail Gorbachev

saw the serious problems facing his country and Eastern Europe

15

Terrorism

criminal activity involving the use of violence to create fear and to push for political change.

16

defend

to protect

17

Space

The Soviet Union launched the world's first space satellite and two American astronauts walked on the moon. Since then 16 nations have begun working on a space station

18

Technology

Miniaturization allowed us to develop portable radios and digital watches. It also made it possible to increase the power and speed of computers while shrinking their size

19

Medicine

The discovery of antibiotics and the structure of DNA enables us to control many diseases and to find cures for others. Laser technology allows us to repair tissue