Chapter 23 - Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23 - Reproductive System Deck (15)
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1

The reproductive organs...

Produce sex cells and hormones, sustain them, or transport them.

2

Primary male sex organs are

The testes, which produce sperm cells and male sex hormones.

3

A sperm cell consists of...

A head, mid piece, and tail

4

The male internal accessory organs include...

The epididymides,
ductus deferentia,
seminal vesicles,
prostate gland,
bulbourethral glands.

5

The male external reproductive organs include...

The scrotum, testes, and penis

6

Orgasm is the culmination of...

Sexual stimulation. The mission and ejaculation accompanied male orgasm.

7

Male reproductive functions are controlled by...

hypothalamic and pituitary hormones, FSH and LH. Male sex hormone is are called androgens, with testosterone the most important.

8

The primary female sex organs are

The ovaries, which produced female sex cells and sex hormones

9

Ovulation is the release of

A secondary oocyte from an ovary. The release of an oocyte involves structures, including the primordial follicles, and the processes of oogenesis and follicle maturation.

10

The female internal accessory organs include

Uterine tubes
Uterus
Vagina

11

The female external reproductive organs include

The labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibule

12

The hypothalamus, anterior pituitary gland, and ovaries secrete hormones that control sex cell maturation.

They also control development and maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics and changes that occur during the monthly reproductive cycle.

13

The most important female sex hormones are

Oestrogens and progesterone

14

The female reproductive cycle is approximately

28 days in length.

15

A females reproductive life is shorter than that of a male, beginning with menarche during puberty and...

ending with menopause