Chapter 24 - Emergency Treatment for Oral Diseases and Injuries Flashcards Preview

NAVEDTRA 14295B: HM Manual > Chapter 24 - Emergency Treatment for Oral Diseases and Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 24 - Emergency Treatment for Oral Diseases and Injuries Deck (14):
1

What is what the HM observes when examining the oral structures, such as bleeding gums, carious lesion, or heavy deposits of plaque or calculus?

Sign

2

What is what a patient reports about his or her disease or injury as a toothache or sore gums?

Symptom

3

What which are also known as tooth decay or cavities, occurs when bacterial processes damage hard tooth structures?

Dental caries

4

What is an inflammation of the pulp usually due to injury
from dental caries or trauma?

Acute pulpitis

5

What usually results from an infection of the pulpal tissue causing the pulp to become necrotic (die)?

Periapical abscess

6

What are a group of diseases that affect the periodontium that support and anchor the teeth?

Periodontal diseases

7

What is an inflammation of the gingival tissue?

Gingivitis

8

What is a severe infection of the gingival tissue, commonly referred to as trenchmouth?

Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG)

9

What involves progressive loss of the alveolar bone around the teeth, and if left untreated can lead to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth?

Periodontitis

10

What is an inflammation of the gingiva around a partially erupted tooth?

Pericoronitis

11

Pericoronitis most often affects mandibular third molars (What teeth #'s) ?

17 and 32

12

What is a general term used to denote inflammation of the oral mucosa?

Stomatitis

13

What is a condition commonly referred to as a "dry socket". It is a common occurrence following the surgical removal of mandibular molars, occurring in 20% to 25% of patients?

Postextraction alveolar osteitis

14

Of all the facial bones, the nasal bones, followed by the what, are the most frequently injured?

Mandible