Chapter 24 - Revolution and Change Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 24 - Revolution and Change Deck (31):
1

The first phase of the French Revolution (1788-1792) was mainly _______

Reformist, setting up a new constitution, declaring the rights of citizens, and creating elected officials

2

What and when was the Reign of Terror?

This was a violent period during the French Revolution between 1792-1794 where the more radical faction controlling the new government executed tens of thousands of political dissidents including the king, and declared France a republic

3

When was the third phase of the French Revolution and what happened?

Between 1794 and 1799 a more moderate constitution was put in place, opposition and economic hardships continued

4

When did Napoleon become first Consul of the Republic?

1799

5

When did Napoleon proclaim himself emperor?

1804

6

What was the Paris Conservatoire and when was it formed?

This was a musical academy founded by the government in 1795 as part of a new education program designed to make training available to all citizens based on merit rather than class, wealth etc.

7

Birth and death of Beethoven

1770-1827

8

When was Beethoven's first period?

1770-1802

9

What events and characteristics mark Beethoven"s first period?

During this time he mastered the musical language and technique, as well as found his personal style

10

When was Beethoven's second period?

1802-1814

11

What events and characteristics mark Beethoven's second period?

He became extremely popular, and achieved new levels of drama and musical expression

12

When was Beethoven's third period?

1814-1827

13

What events and characteristics mark Beethoven's third period?

His music started to become more introspective and difficult to perform and listeners to understand

14

Who were some of Beethoven's notable teachers?

Haydn, Albrechtsberger (counterpoint,) Salieri

15

When did Beethoven move to Vienna?

1792

16

What are some innovative features of Beethoven's piano compositions?

Dense chordal textures, large dynamic changes, frequent octaves, and contrasts of style

17

Why is Beethoven"s compositional output so small compared to his predecessors?

This was because he was such a careful and deliberate composer

18

Though Haydn and Mozart used musical gestures to highlight junctures of the form and heighten expression, they did not do what, as opposed to Beethoven?

Use the musical matierial as characters in a drama; a feature of Beethoven's music that began to come to fruition during his second period

19

Sinfonia Eroica is the name for which of Beethoven's works?

Symphony no. 3 in Eb Major (1803)

20

How does the length of Sinfonia Eroica compare to previous symphonies?

It was longer than any previous symphony

21

How did Beethoven's Eroica symphony mark a change in direction for music?

It was harder to understand,and require more thoughtful engaged listeners and thus was aimed more at the connoisseur. Beethoven sacrificed appeal for expression

22

What was Beethoven's only opera?

Fidelio (1814)

23

When was Beethoven's fifth symphony written?

1808

24

When was Beethoven's Pastoral symphony written?

1808

25

Beethoven's Pastoral symphony is also called_____

Symphony no. 6 in F major

26

Beethoven's Pastoral symphony has been described as a piece of ________

Character music, describing various natural and country scenes in it's five movements

27

Beethoven's late period is marked by what?

High contrast in his music

28

What work by Beethoven brought about the song cycle genre?

His "To the Distant Beloved" op. 98 (1816)

29

What is a song cycle?

A collection of songs that are performed in succession, and tell or suggest a story

30

When was Beethoven's ninth symphony first performed?

1824

31

The largest category in Beethoven’s output from his first decade in Vienna is______

Piano music