Chapter 25 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 25 Deck (12):

a group of persons protected by specific laws because of the group's defining characteristics, including race, color, religion, national origin, gender, age, and disability

protected class


treating employees or job applicants unequally on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, age, or disability

employment discrimination


a form of employment discrimination that results when an employer intentionally discriminates against employees who are members of protected classes

Disparate-Treatment Discrimination


a case in which the plaintiff has produced sufficient evidence of his or her claim that the case will be decided for the plaintiff unless the defendant produces no evidence to rebut it

prima facie case


discrimination that results from certain employer practices or procedures that, although no discriminatory on their face, have a discriminatory effect

disparate-impact discrimination


a termination of employment brought about by making the employee's working conditions so intolerable that the employee reasonably feels compelled to leave

constructive discharge


demanding of sexual favors in return for job promotions or other benefits, or language or conduct that is so sexually offensive that it creates a hostile working environment

sexual harassment


a significant change in employment status or benefits, such as occurs when an employee is fired, refused a promotion or reassigned to a lesser position

tangible employment action


a defense to an allegation of employment discrimination in which the employer demonstrates that an employment practice that discriminates against members of a protected class is related to job performance

business necessity


identifiable characteristics reasonably necessary to the normal operation of a particular business. These characteristics can include gender, national origin, and religion, but not race

bona fide occupational qualification


system in which those who have worked longest for an employer are first in line for promotions, salary increases, and other benefits, and are last to be laid off if the workforce must be reduced

seniority system


job-hiring policies that give special consideration to members of protected classes in an effort to overcome present effects of past discrimination

affirmative action