Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (27):
An area of rich farmland in SW Asia where the 1st civilizations began.
What is silt?
A mixture of fertile soil and tiny rocks that can make land good for farming.
The worship of many gods.
The worlds 1st system of writing developed in Sumer.
A pyramid shaped temple in Sumer.
A ruler of a kingdom or empire.
A set of 282 laws for daily life in Babylon.
It's the earliest set off written laws.
A wheeled horse drawn cart used in battle.
Who is Nebuchadnezzar?
The most famous Chaldean king. He rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city.
What is division of labor?
It's when each worker specializes in a job.
If you live in a rural area you live in the country.
Living in an urban area you live in the ----------
Sumerians built strong walls around their city -states for protection. A city state called Kish became powerful. Over 1000 years the city-state Uruk became powerful. One of Uruk's kings is called______________
Gilgamesh became know for Sumerian Literature.
List 5 Sumerian achievements.
1. Invention of cuneiform it was first used to keep business records.
They wrote epics which were long stories or poems.
2. Developed the wheel.
3. Built sewers
4. Excelled in Math an Science.
5. Made advances in medicine.
Mesopotamian farmers built______________ to irrigate their fields.
While city dwellers were urban, farmers lived in ___________areas?
The people of Sumer practiced_______the worship of many gods.
Horse-drawn _______gave the Hitties an advantage during battle.
The Babylonian king__________is famous for his code of laws.
Sumerian society was organized in _____________ which consisted of a city and the surrounding lands.
*****make sure you know this.
Name 3 ancient civilizations developed in Mesopotamia.
T or F
The writing system was developed by the Babylonians. True or false
The writing system was developed by the Sumerians.
In Sumerian society peoples social class depended on their wealth and their__________.
Religion was very important in Sumerian society.
They practiced polytheism.
What was the most important contribution of the Phoenicians to our civilization?
They developed the alphabet.
Describe the Sumerian religion.
The Sumerian religion was very important. It played a role in nearly aspect of life.
They practiced polytheism, the worship of many gods.
Enlil lord of air
Enki lord of wisdom
Inanna lord of love and war
Utu and Nanna lord of sun and moon
How did Fertile Crescent get its name?
It means a large area of rich farm land. It extends from the Persian Gulf to Mediterranean Sea.
How does having a surplus and agriculture lead to civilization developing?
Having a surplus (more than you need) of food and agriculture lead to civilizations developing because
1. fewer people needed to farm and more jobs were available.
2. New occupations developed like :
People became crafters, religious leaders, and government workers.
A division of labor was formed.
Then a society was formed and they could do more and laws were made to keep the society running.