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Main concepts of the four models of crime control?

Justice model:
justice fairness need to protect human rights
Consistent sentencing
Limited distraction by CJ officials
Long periods of incarceration for dangerous and violent offenders

Deterrence model
Fear of apprehension
Pain of punishment exceeds pleasure of offence
Limited distraction
Three factors (certainty of capture, swiftness of prosecution and severity of punishment)

Selective model
Identify and target high-risk offenders and lock them up
No parole
Limited discretion
D characterization of low-risk

Rehabilitation
Focus on the offender not offence
Individual sentences
Believe in parole and probation
Uses discretion in CJ system
Uses indeterminant sentences of offenders not treated

1

Does Canada subscribe to the above concepts

Justice model:
justice fairness need to protect human rights -yes
Consistent sentencing-no
Limited distraction by CJ officials-no
Long periods of incarceration for dangerous and violent offenders-yes

Deterrence model
Fear of apprehension- yes
Pain of punishment exceeds pleasure of offence-yes and no
Limited distraction-no
Three factors (certainty of capture, swiftness of prosecution and severity of punishment)- no

Selective model
Identify and target high-risk offenders and lock them up- yes and no
No parole-no
Limited discretion-no
D characterization of low-risk-yes

Rehabilitation
Focus on the offender not offence-yes
Individual sentences-yes
Believe in parole and probation-yes
Uses discretion in CJ system- yes
Uses indeterminant sentences of offenders not treated - no

2

Which model forms the basis of the Canadian charter of and freedoms?

Justice model

3

Why are some people critical of the selective model?

Some people feel that are criminal justice system is inadequate and in capturing high-risk offenders and that even if they did they would just be replaced by other offenders

4

Under which model would get it is dangerous offender legislation act fall?

The selective model or justice model as it is to believe in incarcerating dangerous serious violent offenders for a longer time.

5

Which model believe the discretion is an essential component of the Minogue justice system?

The rehabilitation model

6

According to Exhibit 3.3 which model is more effective in reducing sex offender recidivism?

The rehabilitation model

7

Why did the federal government dismiss the idea of aboriginals creating their own criminal justice system?

They rejected the idea of establishing a separate criminal justice system because they felt that the charter of rights and freedoms applies to aboriginals as much as all Canadians

8

For features that are essential to a successful aboriginal justice system?

System that is faithful to aboriginal traditions and cultural values
Dispersal of discretion making among many people
Reconcile the accused with his or her conscience and the community
Ewing of wounds restoring peace and justice in the community

9

Examples of two aboriginal justice systems that are presently being accommodated in Canada?

Holy water reserve system
The Sandy Bay and attawapisket system

10

What is regenerative shaming ?

Is better to shame some offenders then try to punish them within a formal criminal justice system

11

What is the key to Reintegrative shaming!

To change their perception of the offender instead of seeing the offender as someone to be punished

12

Differences between punitive Nonpunitive approach

Punitive:
Communication is rehearsed
Represented by strangers
Focus on the offenders rights
Focus is punitive and removes the offender from the community
Victim has a very limited role

Non-punitive
Communication is fluid
All extended family members are represented
The focus is on the victim and communal rights
The process is corrective offenders are accountable and responsible for Change
The penalties or decided upon by a group
Victims has a very active role