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Carbon containing compounds

Organic compound

1

The components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions. The number and arrangement give each molecule unique properties.

Functional groups

2

(OH) helps in linking things together or making polymers

Hydroxyl

3

Has some effect on acids and bases. The pH of a solution. Forming bonds by adding hydrogen makes it basic, removing hydrogen makes it more acidic.

Carboxyl

4

Contains nitrogen. The building blocks of protein

Amine

5

Causes polarity in some molecules, it helps in solutions with dissolving things. (Carbon double bonded to an oxygen)

Carbonyl

6

Found in systine. These cause things to bend, such as curly hair.

Sulfhydryl

7

Phosphate groups are polar, making it hydrophilic. Phosphate functional groups make the heads of phospholipids hydrophilic, and the tails more hydrophobic.

Phosphate.

8

Can help to break down proteins. When we want to tag something with a protein, we can use it.

Menthyl

9

The energy of the cell. Water breaks it apart, and makes it an inorganic phosphate.

ATP Adenosine triphosphate