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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (60)
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4 characteristics of water

-an inorganic molecule making up 70% of an average cell
-covalent bonds between H and O
-disassociates into OH and H
-considered to be a polar compound because it shows electronegativity

1

Allows it to be attracted to itself

Cohesive

2

The ability to stick to other things

Adhesive

3

Ability to move through fine pores or upward through narrow tubes against gravity

Capillarity

4

Capillarity allows... (2 things)

-nutrients to plant
-water does not change temperature easily

5

Smaller and simpler molecules

Monomers

6

Large repeated links

Polymers

7

The opposite of condensation reactions and the breakdown of complex molecules

Hydrolysis reactions

8

Organic compounds of C,H, and O

Carbohydrates

9

Ratio of carbohydrates

2 hydrogen:1 oxygen

10

Carbohydrates range in size from ___ to ___

Monomers to macromolecules

11

Monosaccharides have __ sugar rings

1

12

Disaccharides have __ sugar rings

2

13

Polysaccharides have __ sugar rings

More than 2

14

Formula for monosaccharides

(CH2O)n

15

Examples of monomers (3)

Glucose
Fructose
Galactose

16

What is glucose

Manufactured by plants during photosynthesis

17

Formula for glucose

C6H12O6

18

What is fructose

Sweetest type of sugar and found in fruit

19

What's special about fructose

It's a 5 sided sugar

20

Where is galactose found

Milk

21

Disaccharide is formed when

2 monosaccharides are joined through a condensation reaction

22

3 examples of disaccharides

Sucrose
Lactose
Maltose

23

What makes sucrose

Glucose and fructose

24

Where is sucrose found

Sugar cane and sugar beats

25

What makes lactose

Glucose and galactose

26

Where is lactose found

Milk

27

What makes maltose

Glucose and glucose

28

Formula for maltose

C12H22O11

29

Complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides

Polysaccharide