What are the two types of syllable?
Open and closed: (C-V and C-V-C).
What does a Dagesh Lene do?
A Dagesh Lene hardens the sound of a Begadkephat letter.
What does a Dagesh Forte do?
It doubles the consonant and must be divided in syllabification.
Which letters can never take a Dagesh (Lene or Forte)?
The guttural letters and resh.
A Dagesh in a Begadkephat letter is a Lene if…
proceeded by a consonant.
A Dagesh in a Begadkephat letter is a Forte if…
proceeded by a vowel.
A Shewa is vocal if:
- It occurs under the first consonant of a word
- If it is the second of two contiguous Shewa
- If it is under a consonant with a Dagesh Forte
- If it is after an unaccented long vowel
A Shewa is silent if:
- The previous vowel is short
- It is the first of two contiguous Shewas
- It is at the end of a word
If a Shewa is under a guttural consonant it is always…
silent. (But resh can take either).
What is a Metheg?
A vertical line to the left of a Quamets to identify it as a Quamets and not a Quamets Hatuf.
Explain the furtive Pathach!
When a word ends in an ע (Ayin) or ח (Het), a Pathach may appear beneath this consonant and must be pronounced and transliterated before the guttural.
Explain the quiescent א!
When an א (Aleph) occurs without a vowel, it is quiescent. It is not considered to be a consonant for the purposes of syllabification, and should be ignored.