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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (45):
1

Alpaca

fiber produced by the alpaca animal of South America

2

Angora

the fiber of the Angora rabbit

3

Bast fiber

a fiber the grows in the stem and root of a plant

4

Cashmere

fiber produced by the cashmere goat

5

Cellulose

a complex sugar molecule that makes up cellulosic fibers

6

Cellulosic fibers

fibers made from cellulose, a complex sugar molecule

7

Conventional cotton

cotton grown and processed using modern farming and production methods and intensive use of agricultural and processing chemicals

8

Convolutions

the cotton fiber's characteristic ribbon-like twist

9

Cotton

a commonly used seed fiber from the cotton plant

10

Cottonize

to cut a fiber from the cotton plant

11

Dupioni silk

silk that develops when two silkworms spin one cocoon together

12

Egyptian cotton

a type of extra long-staple cotton fiber

13

Felting

a unique interlocking property of wool fibers related to its surface scales

14

Flax

the fiber removed from the flax plant

15

Green cotton

cotton fabric that has been washed with mild, natural-bred soap, but has not been bleached or treated with other chemicals, except possibly natural dyes

16

Hemp

a bas fiber produced by the hemp plant

17

Hygroscopic

fibers that absorb moisture without feeling wet

18

Lamb's wool

a fine and soft wool from animals less than 7 months old

19

Leaf fiber

a fiber that is removed from the veins or ribs of a plant's leaf

20

Line

long coded flax fibers

21

Linen

yarn, fabric, and textile products made from flax fibers

22

Llama

fiber produced by the llama animal from south america

23

Mohair

fiber removed from the angora goat

24

Momme

the weight of silk fabric;one momma sighs 3.75 grams

25

Naturally colored cotton

cotton fibers that are grown in a color other than off-white or beige

26

Natural animal fibers

fibers produced by plants or insects that are made of complex natural chemicals

27

Natural bicomponent fiber

the cortex of wool contains two cell types that react differently to moisture and temperature

28

Natural plant fibers

fibers naturally produced by plants

29

Organic cotton

cotton that meets state certified standards for land where organic farming practices have been used for at least three years

30

Pima cotton

a type of extra long-staple cotton fiber

31

Ramie

fiber that comes from a tad perennial, fast-growing shrub from the nettle family

32

Recycled wool

fabric made from scraps of new woven or felted fabrics

33

Scales

the dense outer layer of most wool fibers

34

Sea Island cotton

a type of extra long-staple cotton fiber

35

Seed fiber

a fiber that grows within a pod or boll from developing seeds

36

Sericin

a water-soluble protective gum covering the silk fiber when it is produced by the silk moth larvae

37

Sericulture

the production of cultivated silk

38

Silk

fiber produced by the larvae of the silk moth

39

Supima cotton

a type of extra long-staple cotton fiber

40

Tow

short flax fibers

41

Transition cotton

cotton produced on land where organic farming is practiced, but for less than the three-year minimum

42

Tussah silk

a common type of wild silk

43

Virgin wool

wool that has never before been processed

44

Wild silk

silk produced by silk moths in the wild

45

Wool

a natural animal fiber produced by sheep, goats, camel, alpaca, llama, vicuna, and related animals; new wool or wool fibers reclaimed from knit scraps, broken thread, and noils