Manufactured and Synthetic Fibers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Manufactured and Synthetic Fibers Deck (8):
1

Rayon

- First manufactured fiber
Characteristics
- low elastic recovery
- high comfort
- absorbant
- low heat retention
- low resiliency and dimensional stability
- shrink unless resin-treated

2

Lyocell

- manufactured fiber composed of solvent-spun cellulose
- is more like cotton than any other manufactured fiber
Characteristics
- high strength
- comfortable hand
- moderate resiliency
- good dimensional stability
- machine wash on gentle

3

Acetate

- manufactured fiber
- first heat sensitive fiber (will melt)
Characteristics
- low strength
- very low absorbency
- poor heat retention
- poor resiliency and wrinkles
- used in linings for coats and jackets

4

Olefin

- fastest growing fiber in the world
Trade Names
- Polypropylene
- Polyethylene
Characteristics
- difficult to dye
- lightest of all textile fibers (will float)
- extremely heat sensitive
- excellent wicking abilities

5

Acrylic

- "warmth without weight" --> wool substitute
- hypoallergenic
- machine washable
Trade Names
- Cresian
- BioFresh
- MicroSupreme
- Weatherbioc
Characteristics
- moderate durability, comfort, and appearance retention

6

Modacrylic

- first inherently flame retardant synthetic fibers
- difficult to ignite
- self extinguishing
- used in protective clothing, robes, upholstery, fake furs

7

Polyester

- Most widely used synthetic, blends well
- "workhorse"
- Trade name: Dacron
Characteristics
- resilient
- dimensional stability
- sunlight resistant
- durable, abrasion resistant
- aesthetics superior to nylon

8

Nylon

- polyamides
- "color scavenger"
- most absorbant synthetic fiber
- Trade names: silky touch, Supplex, Microsupplex, Tactel
- Can be harmed by UV rays
Characteristics
- high dimensional stability
- excellent elastic recovery
- excellent abrasion resistance
- good water based stain resistance
- poor oil used stain resistance
- poor moisture absorbency