Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (12):
What are cash equivalents?
Equivalent instruments with maturity dates of less than three months from the date of purchase
What is the summary of significant accounting policies?
Conveys valuable information about a company's choices from among various alternative accounting methods
What are subsequent events?
Occurs after a company's fiscal year end but before the financial statements are issued
What is the purpose of the auditor's report?
Provides final statement user with an independent and professional opinion about fairness of the representation in the financial statements, effectiveness of internal controls, and whether or not the financial statements are in conformity with GAAP
What is a qualified opinion?
Contains an exception to the standard unqualified opinion
What is an adverse opinion?
Results from (a) nonconformity with GAAP and (b) inadequate disclosures
What is a disclaimer?
Results from limitation or restriction of the scope of the examination
What is a proxy statement?
Contains disclosures on compensation to directors and executives
What is risk analysis?
Analysis that is used to gain a glimpse of the future from the past and present data using various tools and techniques
What is horizontal analysis?
Expressing each item as a percentage of that same item in the financial statements of another year
What is vertical analysis?
The expression of each item in the financial statements as a percentage of an appropriate corresponding total but within the same year