Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Chapter 3 > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...
1

Fertile Crescent

A larger area called Fertile Crescent, a large arc rich,or fertile,farmland

2

Silt

a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks

3

Irrigation

a way of supplying water to an area of land

4

Canals

human-made waterways,

5

Surplus

or more than they need

6

division of labor

The type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job is called a division of labor

7

Rural

rural or countryside,

8

urban

urban,or city

9

city-state

A city-state consisted of a city and all the countryside around it.

10

Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh, became a legendary figure in Sumerian liturature

11

Sargon

When Sargon sought to extend Akkadian territory

12

empire

empire, or land with different territories and peoples under a single rule

13

polytheism

polytheism, the worship of many gods

14

priests

Priests, people who performed religious ceremonies,

15

social hierarchy

social hierarchy, the division of society by rank or class

16

cuneiform

the world's first system of writing

17

pictographs

pictographs, or picture symbols

18

scribe

scribe, or writer

19

epics

epics long poems that tell the stories of heroes

20

architecture

architecture the science of building

21

ziggurat

ziggurat, a pyramid shaped temple tower,

22

monarch

a ruler of a kingdom or empire

23

Hammurabi's code

was a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life

24

chariot

a wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle

25

nebuchadnezzar

the most famous Chaldean king, rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city

26

alphabet

an alphabet is a set of letters that can be combined to form words