Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Chapter 3 - Applied Kinesiology > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1

in the upward phase triceps contract _

concentrically

2

knee internal rotation : 2

semimembranosis

semitendinosis

3

muscles that draw navel down toward spine: 4

TVA
multifidi
pelvic floor
quadratus lumborum

4

hip abduction: 3

gluteus maximus, medius

tensor fascia latae

5

weak scapular adductors = _ posture

kyphosis

6

muscles that initiate leg press:

knee extensors

hip extensors

7

muscles that initiate leg press : 2

knee extensors - quad fem, vastus 3

hip extensors - glutes, hamstrings

8

hip extension

*eccentric hip action =
*concentris hip action =

hamstrings

gluteus maximus

hip flexion
extend leg

9

Supraspinatis

Infraspinatus

Stabilizes, initiates abduction of arm

Stabilizes, externally rotates arm

10

G/H joint

Glenohumeral joint

Glenoid fossa and the humerus

11

A/c joint

Acromionclavicular joint

Acromion process and distal end of clavicle

12

S/T articulation

Also called:

Scapulothoracic articulation

Muscles and fascia that connect the scapula and the thorax

Shoulder girdle

13

muscles that produce small force production

longitudinal muscles

14

6 external rotators of the hip

Piriformis
Superior gemellus
Obturator interus
Inferior gemellus
Obturator externus
Quadratis femoris

15

heels come off floor during squat

tight muscle: 2

gastrocnemius and soleus

16

S/C joint

Sternoclavicular joint

Sternum and the proximal end of the clavicle

17

client with recent hip replacement 3 considerations

lower body cannot support weight

all exercise should be performed in seated position

chais used should NOT have arm rests - increased ROM

18

Law of acceleration

Force acting on a body in a given direction is equal to body's mass x body's acceleration

19

muscles that produce large force production

penniform muscles

20

Hip flexion 4 muscles

Iliopsoas
Rectus femoris
Tensor fascia latae
Sartorius

21

muscles working eccentrically in downward phase of squat

glutes

hamstrings

22

prime mover hamstring curl

knee flexors - hamstrings

23

muscles active during plank: 4

TVA
multifidi
pelvic floor
quadratus lumborum

24

Kinetics

Study of biomechannical effects of internal/external forces on the body

25

hip internal rotators: 6

adductor longus, brevis, magnus

gluteus minimus
pectineus
tensor fascia latae

26

foot slaps the ground

weak muscle

anterior compartment - dorsiflexors

27

hip flexion

4 muscles

iliopsoas
rectus femoris
sartorius
tensor fascia latae

28

3 factors associated with muscular balance

Equal strength and flexibility btwn right and left side

Proportionate ratio of strength btwn agonist and antagonist

Balanced flexibility that results in full range of joint motion

29

knee extension muscles -

quadriceps femoris
vastus:
lateralis
intermedius
medialis

30

standing on one leg:

balance leg collapses in

tight muscle
weak muscles

tight - hip adductors

weak - gluteus minimus, medius