What are the special uses of ἀκουω?
I hear, listen to, + acc. of thing heard, + gen. of person heard
ἀκουομεν του κυριου - We hear the Lord
ἀκουομεν τον λογον - We hear the message
πιστευουσιν τῳ θεῳ - They believe in God
What is the typical pattern for feminine nouns?
The pattern is that in the singular ἀρχη has an η, ἡμερα has an α, and δοξα starts with an α but then changes to an η (they all have an α in the plural).
What is the rule when declining feminine nouns?
The rule is the that if the letter before the ending is:
- a vowel or ρ ἡμερα
- σ, ξ, ζ (i.e. any ‘s’ sound), it goes like δοξα
- anything else, it goes like ἀρχη (except note ζωη the pattern of ἀρχη).
What about the feminine article? Does it change according to the same rules as the nouns?
Despite the variations present in feminine nouns, the feminine of the definite article always follows the same pattern. Thus, for example, ἡ δοξα, την ἡμεραν.
What are the special uses of λεγω?
I speak, +acc. of thing said, +dat. of person spoken to
λεγω λογον τῳ κυριῳ — I am speaking a word to the master
λεγω τῳ κυριῳ — I am speaking to the master