Chapter 3- Section 1&2 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Section 1&2 Quiz Deck (19):
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Before the rise of the Ottoman Empire...

Anatolia was a region consisting of a number of small, independent Turkish states who were primarily Muslim.

1

Ghazis

Warriors of the Islam faith.

2

Osman the first

Founder of the Ottoman Empire. Descendants of Osman the first were known as Ottomans.

3

Sultan

The Ottoman term for Emperor or king.

4

As the Ottoman Empire grew...

The Ottomans enslaved Christian boys from conquered areas. The boys were converted to Islam and trained as elite soldiers, loyal only to the sultan, called Janissaries.

5

Mehmed the second

Captured the Byzantine capital city of Constantinople. Rebuilt the city into the Muslim capital of Istanbul.

6

By the late 1400s...

The Ottomans controlled much of the Balkan Peninsula. This was made possible by their use of a powerful military whose use of gunpowder weapons seized the day.

7

Suleyman the first

Known as the "Magnificient" and the "Lawgiver", Suleyman the first took the areas of Hungary, the eastern Mediterranean, and Northern Africa for the Ottoman Empire, which reached its biggest size during his reign.

8

The Ottoman Empire consisted of...

Many cultures who spoke many different languages and practices many different religions. The Ottomans, who were under Muslim law, governed their diverse subjects with tolerance, which kept the empire growing and staying strong.

9

One cause of the Ottoman decline was...

A series of weak sultans who came to power and who had no experience with governing.

10

Shah

The title for the Safavid Emperor, meaning "king".

11

Safavid Empire

During its golden age (its height), the manufacture and export of traditional products such as hand woven Persian carpets helped establish the Safavid Empire as a major Muslim civilization.

12

Esma'il

Founder of the Safavid Empire.

13

'Abbas

The greatest Safavid leader.

14

Delhi Sultanate

The first Muslim government in northern India. The rulers of the Delhi Sultanate allowed the Indian people to practice their traditional customs and religions.

15

Zahir ud-Din

Better known as Babur, or "The Tiger", defeated the rulers of Delhi and established the Mughal Empire in India.

16

Akbar

The greatest of all the Mughal leaders. He created unity through much of India by promoting religious tolerance and abolishing taxes on non-Muslims.

17

Sikhism

(Monotheistic religion). Indian religion that blended elements of Islam and Hinduism.

18

Shah Jahan

The Mughal ruler who built a new capital at Delhi. Unlike his faster and grandfather, Shah Jahan was a Muslim who did not practice religious tolerance. He also imposed heavy taxes on the people of India to pay for costly monuments (Taj Mahal), palaces, and wars.