Chapter 3- Section 3&4 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Section 3&4 Quiz Deck (20):
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Hongwu

Founder of the Ming dynasty, he worked to eliminate Mongol influences from China and to revive traditional Chinese values and practices, such as Confucian principles.

1

Yonglo

A Ming emperor who moved China's capital to Beijing and built an imperial city within it that became known as the Forbidden City.

2

Zheng He

Led seven voyages from China around the Indian Ocean in the early 1400s.

3

The Ming emperors decided to...

Isolate China because they disliked the influence of the Europeans and sought to preserve China's traditions. In the 1500s the Ming heavily restricted foreign trade and travel in order to limit China's contacts with the outside world.

4

The Great Wall

Protected northern China from Mongol threat and ends at the Gobi desert.

5

The Ming dynasty declined...

Because a combination of high taxes and crop failures led to rebellions.

6

Matteo Ricci

Introduced European knowledge of mathematics and science to China. Showed respect for Chinese customs which allowed him access to the emperor and court.

7

The Chinese put...

Trade restrictions on British goods as a result of a meeting with Lord George Macartney, who didn't bow or show respect for Chinese customs.

8

Under the Qing dynasty,

China's borders expanded and the Manchu ruling class were forbidden to marry someone Chinese. The first nation to accept China's new trade terms and began a growing trade in China were the Dutch.

9

While Chinese blank and blank were in...

While Chinese porcelain and silks were in great demand, the main Chinese export to Europe during the Qing dynasty was tea. (The number one trade item coming from China is tea.)

10

Samurai

Trained professional Japanese warriors. In early feudal Japan, female samurai could train to fight, inherit property, and participate on business.

11

During the Tokugawa period,

The role of the samurai changed because peace put them out of work. These changes made the samurai warrior class less powerful.

12

Zen Buddhism

A form of Buddhism adopted by many Japanese feudal warriors that stressed discipline and meditation as ways to focus the mind and gain wisdom.

13

Bushido

The code of ethics for warriors.

14

Daimyo

In feudal Japan, local daimyo, powerful warlords who held large estates, gained control of their own territories and battled one another for power.

15

Shogun

The supreme military leader of Japan, called the shogun, ruled in the emperor's name.

16

Tokugawa

The dynasty of shoguns that ruled Japan from 1603 to 1867.

17

By 1650...

Trade between Japan and Europe Was exclusively with the Dutch.

18

Christian missionary activity in Japan resulted in...

The conversion of many Japanese. Later governments persecuted Christians and missionaries.

19

Korea prospered under the...

Choson dynasty and produced many cultural achievements, including the creation of a Korean alphabet. Later, the Choson kings isolated Korea from most of the rest of the world because it faced invasions and became a vassal state to the Qing dynasty in China.