Chapter 3 Test : Multiple Choice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Test : Multiple Choice Deck (37)
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1
Q

What does the term baroque mean

A

Bizarre flamboyant elaborately ornamented

2
Q

What was the baroque time period

A

1600 - 1750

3
Q

George Frederick Handel

A

A German composer, move to England/London for 47 years (reasonable length of time), considered queen Anne’s favorite composer,

4
Q

Johann Sebastian Bach

A

Most eminent organ player, teacher, composer

5
Q

When does instrumental music become as important as vocal

A

In the late period

6
Q

What are the affections

A

Their emotions (of performer/projecting that emotion onto audience)

7
Q

What does repeated rhythmic patterns provide in music

A

Add energy and drive

8
Q

Describe baroque melodies

A

Heavily ornamented/difficult

9
Q

A melodic sequence is

A

Where melody is repeated at a higher or lower pitch

10
Q

What were the keyboard instruments of the broken era which one was considered for home use

A

Harpsichord clavichord and pipe organ, clavichord was used for home use/struck by brass blades

11
Q

What is Basso continuo

A

Continuous bass - combination of keyboard and the low string instruments creating a baseline

12
Q

Which bass part has numbers that tell a musician what to play

A

Figured bass

13
Q

What instrument family becomes a major part of the orchestra

A

Strings violin family

14
Q

What is a music director’s responsibilities and what is their social standing

A

Responsible for training choristers at the church school, still a servant

15
Q

Why does Bach write the harpsichord into the Brandenburg Concertos as a soloist

A

Because his employer purchased a new one so he wrote it as a solo to feature it

16
Q

What is the main theme of the fugue called and what is it called when it is restated in the dominant key

A

Main theme is subject restated is the answer

17
Q

What is set to music accompanied by an orchestra has scenery costumes action and is full of drama

A

opera

18
Q

What is the text of an opera called

A

Libretto

19
Q

And opera song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called what

A

Aria

20
Q

And opera if two main voices are singing it is called

A

Duet

21
Q

In opera if three or more main voices are singing it is called

A

Ensemble

22
Q

What is the conductors roll with an opera

A

Shapes the entire work tempos cues dynamics

23
Q

When is an overture played during an opera

A

Most operas open with it/beginning

24
Q

When and where did the first public opera house open

A

Venice 1637

25
Q

What is the name of the first opera we have preserved

A

Euridice by jacopo peri (1600)

26
Q

What is the name of Orpheus’s wife

A

Eurydice

27
Q

What are the castrati

A

Boys that were castrated

28
Q

Where is Henry Pearsol buried and why did he get that Honor

A

Buried beneath Oregon at Westminster, A claimed as the English composer of his day

29
Q

Where did Vivaldi spend his life teaching

A

The music school of Pieta in Venice

30
Q

What piece of program music is Vivaldi famous for

A

La primavera (Spring)

31
Q

What did Bach do when he was in Leipzig

A

Became the director of the Leipzig collegium Musicum

32
Q

Bach was the most ____ of his day

A

Eminent organ player

33
Q

Where did Bach pull his music style from

A

Italian Concierto’s, French dance pieces, and German church music

34
Q

What are suites

A

Sets of dance inspired movements

35
Q

What is like an opera but draws its material from the Bible doesn’t have acting or costumes

A

Oratorio

36
Q

What composer was born the same year as Bach

A

George Frederick Handel

37
Q

Where did handle take his extended leave to

A

England