Chapter 30 - Conservative America in the Ascent, 1980-1991 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 30 - Conservative America in the Ascent, 1980-1991 Deck (26):
1

The Conscience of a Conservative

1960 book by Barry Goldwater that set forth an uncompromising conservatism and inspired a Republican grassroots movement

2

National Review

conservative magazine founded by William F. Buckley in 1955 that was used to criticize liberal policy

3

Religious Right

politically active religious conservatives who became particularly vocal in the 1980s against feminism, abortion, and homosexuality while promoting "family values"

4

hostage crisis

crisis that began in 1979 when Iranians broke into the U.S. embassy in Teheran and took 66 Americans hostage

5

Reagan coalition

coalition supporting Reagan that included Republican Party voters, middle-class suburbanites, blue-collar Catholics, and many southern whites

6

Moral Majority

political organization established by evangelist Jerry Falwell in 1979 to mobilize conservative Christian voters on behalf of Reagan's campaign for president

7

supply-side economics (Reaganomics)

economic theory that tax cuts for individuals and businesses encourage investment and production and stimulate consumption - in reality, it created a massive federal budget deficit

8

Economic Recovery Tax Act (ERTA)

legislation introduced by Reagan and passed by Congress in 1981 that authorized the largest reduction in taxes in the nation's history

9

national debt

cumulative total of all budget deficits

10

deregulation

limiting of regulation by federal agencies

11

HIV/AIDS

deadly disease that killed nearly 100,000 in the U.S. in the 1980s

12

service industries

food, beverage, and tourist industries; financial and medical service industries; computer technology industries (leading sectors of growth in late 1980s)

13

Sandinistas

democratically elected group in Nicaragua that Reagan accused of threatening U.S. business interests

14

Contras

opposition group in Nicaragua that Reagan order the CIA to assist

15

Iran-Contra affair

Reagan administration scandal that involved the sale of arms to Iran in exchange for its efforts to secure the release of hostages held in Lebanon and the redirection of the proceeds of those sales to the Nicaraguan Contras

16

glasnost

policy introduced by Gorbachev during the 1980s that involved greater openess and freedom of expression that, unintentionally, contributed to the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union

17

perestroika

economic restructuring policy introduced by Gorbachev in 1980s that unintentionally contributed to the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union

18

family values

values promoted by the Religious Right, including support for the traditional nuclear family and opposition to same-sex marriage and abortion

19

Persian Gulf War

1991 war between Iraq and a U.S.-led international coalition that was sparked by the 1990 Iraqi invastion of Kuwait

20

Ronald Reagan

conservative 40th president

21

William F. Buckley

founder and editor of the Naitonal Review, a conservative magazine

22

Milton Friedman

prominent conservative economist

23

David Stockman

Reagan's budget advisor who reduced the federal budget in response to the Economic Recovery Tax Act

24

Sandra Day O'Connor

first woman appointed to the Supreme Court

25

Mikhail Gorbachev

eigth and last leader of the Soviet Union, responsible for glasnost and perestroika policies

26

George H.W. Bush

41st president

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