Chapter 31 Pt 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 31 Pt 2 Deck (24):
1

The green tissue in the interior of a leaf; a leaf's ground tissue system; the main site of photosynthesis.

Mesophyll

2

Flowering plants whose embryos have a single seed leaf, or cotyledon.

Monocot

3

The point of attachment of a leaf on a stem.

Node

4

In plants, a relatively unspecialized cell with a thin primary wall and no secondary wall; functions in photosynthesis, food storage, and aerobic respiration and may differentiate into other cell types.

Parenchyma cells

5

A plant that lives for many years.

Perennial

6

The portion of a plant's vascular tissue system that conveys sap throughout a plant. This structure's tissue is made up of sieve-tube members.

Phloem

7

Part of the reproductive organ of an angiosperm, a single carpel or a group of fused carpels.

Pistil

8

Part of the ground tissue system of a dicot plant. This structure fills the center of a stem and may store food.

Pith

9

An increase in the length of a plant root or shoot, produced by an apical meristem.

Primary Growth

10

horizontal stem that grows below the ground.

Rhizome

11

An outgrowth of an epidermal cell on this structure, which increases this structure's absorptive surface area.

Root Hair

12

A structure, which anchors it in the soil, absorbs and transport minerals and water, and stores food.

Root System

13

Light-colored, water-conducting secondary xylem in a tree

Sapwood

14

In plants, a very hard, dead sclerenchyma cell found in nutshells and seed coats; a stone cell.

Sclereid

15

A food-conducting cell in a plant. Chains of this structure's members make up phloem tissue.

Sieve Tube Member

16

A pore surrounded by guard cells in the epidermis of a leaf. When these structures are open, CO2 enters a leaf, and water and O2 exit. A plant conserves water when its stomata are closed.

Stoma

17

Embryonic tissue at the tip of a shoot, made up of developing leaves and a compact series of nodes and internodes.

Terminal bud

18

A tapered, porous, water-conducting and supportive cell in plants. Chains of this structure or vessel elements make up the water-conducting, supportive tubes in xylem.

Tracheid

19

An enlargement at the end of a rhizome in which food is stored.

Tuber

20

A strand of vascular tissues (both xylem and phloem) in a plant stem.

Vascular bundle

21

During secondary growth of a plant, the cylinder of meristematic cells, surrounding the xylem and pith, that produces secondary xylem and phloem.

Vascular Cambium

22

A short, open-ended, water-conducting and supportive cell in plants. Chains of this structure or tracheids make up the water-conducting, supportive tubes in xylem

Vessel element

23

Secondary xylem of a plant

Wood

24

The nonliving portion of a plant's vascular system that provides support and conveys sap from the roots to the rest of the plant. This substance is made up of vessel elements and/or tracheids, water-conducting cells. The primary version of this substance is derived from the procambium. The secondary version of this substance is derived from the vascular cambium in plants exhibiting secondary growth.

Xylem