Chapter 32 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 32 Deck (30):
1

(Erickson) Infant: birth - 18mo

trust v. mistrust

2

(Erickson) Early Childhood: 18mo - 3 yrs

autonomy v. shame & doubt

3

(Erickson) Late Childhood: 3 - 6 yrs

initiative v. guilt
("magical thinking" for med admin)

4

(Erickson) Schoolage: 6 - 12 yrs

industry v. inferiority

5

(Erickson) Adolescence: 12 - 20 yrs

identity v. role confusion

6

(Erickson) Early Adulthood: 20 - 35 yrs

intimacy v. isolation

7

(Erickson) Middle Adulthood: 35 - 65 yrs

generativity v. stagnation

8

(Erickson) Later Adulthood: 65 yrs - death

integrity v. despair

9

(Piaget) Sensorimotor Stage: birth - 2 yrs

learns about reality and how it works
- object permanence (later)

10

(Piaget) Preoperational Stage: 2 - 7 yrs

prelogical thinking, finding solutions
egocentric, concrete thinking
- egocentric speech
- global organization
- pain
disappears magically
punishment for wrongdoing
someone else's fault
as a physical and concrete experience

11

(Piaget) Concrete Operational: 7 - 11 yrs

classify, sort facts - logical thinking
development of abstract thinking begins

12

(Piaget) Formal Operations: 11 yrs - adulthood

abstract and logical thinking

13

(Kohlberg) Level 1

Preconvential Morality
Stages 0-2

14

(Kohlberg) Stage 0, egocentric judgement: birth - 2 yrs

no awareness of right/wrong

15

(Kohlberg) Stage 1, Punishment - obedience orientation: 2 - 3 yrs

selfish view, no real understanding of right/ wrong
physical punishments/ no rewards --> negative view of morals
withhold love / affection --> guilt

16

(Kohlberg) Stage 2, Instrumental Relativist Orientation: 4-7 yrs

conforms to rules for rewards/ favors
preschooler = preconventional stage
conscience emerges

17

(Kohlberg) Level 2

Conventional Morality
Stages 3-4
Conforms to rules to please others, aware of others' feelings

18

(Kohlberg) Stage 3, Good Boy - Nice Girl Orientation: 7-10 yrs

conformity is to avoid dislike by others
being good is important

19

(Kohlberg) Stage 4, Law & Order Orientation: 10-12 yrs

more concern for society
moral reasoning develops
observes standards of others

20

(Kohlberg) Level 3

Postconventional Morality
Stages 5-6
Focuses on individuals rights and principles of conscience

21

(Kohlberg) Stage 5, Social Contract & Legalistic Orientation: Preadolescence

knows there are a variety of rules / values
does not expect to get something w/o paying

22

(Kohlberg) Stage 6, Universal Ethical Principles Orientation: ~ 13 yrs

Conformity based on universal principles of justice and occurs to avoid self condemnation
self chosen ethical principles
individual conscience

23

(Freud) ID

source of drives
pleasure principle

24

(Freud) EGO

problem solving
dev. about 4-5 mo.

25

(Freud) SUPEREGO

3-6 yrs of age
internatlization of values, ideals, morals
represents the ideal

26

(Freud) Oral

birth - 1 yr

27

(Freud) Anal

1-3 yrs

28

(Freud) Phallic

3-6 yrs

29

(Freud) Latency

6-12 yrs

30

(Freud) Genital

12 yrs +