Chapter 4-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4-5 Deck (42)
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1

Social Contract

An implicit agreement between members of society

2

Implicit

Understood but not stated directly

3

Group Property

Property that a group has a characteristic that an individual does not have

4

Liberty

Ability to make choices and act on them

5

Equal of Opportunity

Everyone has same opportunity no matter what

6

Equality of Condition

Everyone has same amount of wealth and material goods

7

Harm Principle

States that you can do whatever you want as long as you don't harm anyone else

8

Paternalistic Law

Supposed to protect you from doing harm to yourself

9

Excused

Never responsible for anything we do

10

Judge

Responsible for something if you had intended or choose to cause it

11

Communism

System in which poverty is owned community than privately

12

Natural Lottery

Genetic distribution of natural talents and assets

13

Distributive Justice

Distribution of wealth

14

Retributive Justice

Concert of Law and Punishment

15

Free will

Ability to make free choices up to you

16

Determinism

View that every event has a prior cause including human choice

17

Introspection

Ability to look inward in your own mind

18

Infinite Regress

Series that goes back forever

19

Reduction

Scientific phenomena at one level is explained in basic terms

20

Oceans Razor

Simplest explanation is usually correct one

21

Problem of interaction

Non physical mind can interact with physical body

22

Principle of Conversation of Matter & Energy

Total matter and energy in a system remain constant

23

Artificial intelligence

Research program used to simulate intelligent behavior AI

24

Turning Test

Test of computer intelligence

25

Egalitarian

Private property is source of most social problems

26

Elitist

Such a thing as excellence should be rewarded

27

Contractor

Best model for understanding society is social control

28

Organicist

Society is like an organism that influence its members

29

Libertarian

We value liberty above all other things

30

Paternalist

We are willing to accept restrictions on our liberty to prevent harm from self

31

Capitalist

Just because promote freedom and responsibility

32

Socialist

Capitalism is unmoral because it promotes dishonesty and greed

33

Rights Defender

Universal human rights because all human beings are equal

34

Right Skeptic

No universal human rights just those given to use by law

35

Materialist

Mind mental states are nothing more mind=brain

36

Dualist

Non physical and mind physical body includes brain

37

Hard Determinist

Determinism is true and we do not have free will

38

Metaphysical Libertarian

We can tell through introspection we could have made a different choice yes free will Determinism is false

39

Soft Determinist

Determinism and free will are incomparable

40

Incompatibility

Determinism and free will are incompatable

41

Mechanist

Machines already think

42

Mentalist

Machines never think only simulate certain behavior