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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (36):
1

Social Structure

Stable pattern of Social interaction that characterizes human social life

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Status

Social position that an individual occupies

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Status Set

All of the statuses that an individual occupies

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Status Inconsistency

Individual's status set do not fit together

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Ascribed Statuses

Born with and cannot change; race, gender, family status

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Achieved Statuses

Acquired, result of our own actions

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Master Status

Social position that is exceptionally powerful, determines individual's identity. (Clerk, President)

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Stigmas

Negative associated with master status

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Role

Consists of norms associated with the status. Behavior required for position

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Role Strain

Difficulty performing all the role to a single status.

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Role Conflict

Expectations for the roles to one status clash with the other status.

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Social Group

Two or more people who interact regularly and feel solidarity or common identity.

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Aggregates

Collections of people who are physically at the same place at the same time, but do not interact in any meaningful way

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Categories

Collections of individuals who share a social status, ex: red hair, asians, etc. but they do not interact accordingly since they are not physically in each other's presence.

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Primary Group

Small group, warm, informal, long lasting

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Secondary Groups

Formal, cool, temporary; get tasks or goals done.

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In-groups

Individuals belong and feel pride and loyalty

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Out-groups

Do not belong, feel disdain

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Reference Groups

Provide guidance how to behave and evaluate how well we are living up to our role expectations

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Instrumental Leader

Making decision for achieving goals

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Expressive Leader

Keeping the group's morale high

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Authoritarian Leader

Assign tasks, aggressive, decisive, low attention for members

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Democratic Leader

Discuss, works together, explains

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Laissez-Faire Leader

Non-directive, lets people make decision

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Groupthink

Cohesive groups to make poor decision because members are unwilling to threaten the group's solidarity.

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Network

Broad web of social ties

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Strata

Segments within a large population, receive different amounts of resources by virtue of their position.

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Society

Sizable number of people who interact, share a culture, lives in single geographic territory.

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Mechanical Solidarity

Formal and internal cohesion, because people are very much alike

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Organic Solidarity

Society functions because of differences and interdependences.

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Gemeinschaft

small, rural, strong in customs and traditions

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Gesellschaft

Largely on rational will

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Horicultural

Domesticated animals and plants

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Pastoral

Domesting herd of animals and developed a style of life

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Agrarian

Used animals for agriculture

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Industrial

Used non animal for agriculture