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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (45)
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1

____ precautions are used for scabies infections

Contact

2

A patient with an active TB infection is placed in a hospital room with ____ air pressure

Negative

3

Droplet precautions are used for large-particle droplets, larger than _____ microns from the infected person

Five

4

The _____ of transmission for the pathogen to pass directly from the source to the host is part of the chain of infection.

Mode

5

For the chain of infection to occur, a ______ must be present.

Pathogen

6

______ infections occur when the chain of infection is complete.

Nosocomial

7

A computer keyboard is considered a ______ in health care facilities

Fomite

8

Standard precautions have been designed through the _____ to decrease the risk of transmission of microorganisms

CDC

9

______ precautions reduce the spread of infections from agents such as rubeola.

Airborne

10

Chemical compounds that are used to remove or kill pathogenic microorganisms are called _______

Disinfectants

11

Designed to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in health care facilities

Standard precautions

12

Organization that oversees the investigation and control of various diseases, especially those that are communicable

CDC

13

An agency of the U. S. Department of Labor that requires employers to provide measures that will protect workers exposed to biological hazards

OSHA

14

If an accident such as a needle stick occurs, the injured health care worker should immediately:

Cleanse the area with isopropyl alcohol and apply an adhesive bandage

15

About how many patients acquire a nosocomial infection annually?

1.75 to 3 million

16

A commonly identified pathogenic agent that affects the skin

Herpes virus

17

Requires contact precautions

Herpes simplex

18

Requires airborne precautions

Tuberculosis

19

A commonly identifies causative agent of nosocomial infections in the nursery unit

Escherichia coli

20

Reverse isolation is commonly used for patients who have

Immunodeficiency disorders

21

A commonly identified pathogenic microorganism that causes health care-associated skin infections

Candida albicans

22

Antiseptics for skin include:

Iodine

23

Chemicals that should be used to disinfect tourniquets and items contaminated with blood

1:10 solution of chlorine bleach

24

The HICPAC transmission-based precautions include:

Airborne, droplet, and contact

25

Chemical compound that is an antiseptic for skin

Hexylresorcinol

26

The proper sequence for removal of isolation apparel after blood collection in an isolation room

Gloves, goggles, gown

27

A phlebotomist has to avoid contact with patients for 24 hours after being started on an appropriate antibiotic and appearing symptom free. What type of infection could he or she have acquired for the above work limitations to apply

Strep throat (Group A)

28

In health care facilities, what is a typical fomite

Phlebotomy tray

29

The most important procedure in the prevention of disease transmission in health care institutions

Hand washing

30

In the process of preparing to enter a patients isolation room, what should occur first?

Donning mask