Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (45)
____ precautions are used for scabies infections
A patient with an active TB infection is placed in a hospital room with ____ air pressure
Droplet precautions are used for large-particle droplets, larger than _____ microns from the infected person
The _____ of transmission for the pathogen to pass directly from the source to the host is part of the chain of infection.
For the chain of infection to occur, a ______ must be present.
______ infections occur when the chain of infection is complete.
A computer keyboard is considered a ______ in health care facilities
Standard precautions have been designed through the _____ to decrease the risk of transmission of microorganisms
______ precautions reduce the spread of infections from agents such as rubeola.
Chemical compounds that are used to remove or kill pathogenic microorganisms are called _______
Designed to reduce the risk of transmission of microorganisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in health care facilities
Organization that oversees the investigation and control of various diseases, especially those that are communicable
An agency of the U. S. Department of Labor that requires employers to provide measures that will protect workers exposed to biological hazards
If an accident such as a needle stick occurs, the injured health care worker should immediately:
Cleanse the area with isopropyl alcohol and apply an adhesive bandage
About how many patients acquire a nosocomial infection annually?
1.75 to 3 million
A commonly identified pathogenic agent that affects the skin
Requires contact precautions
Requires airborne precautions
A commonly identifies causative agent of nosocomial infections in the nursery unit
Reverse isolation is commonly used for patients who have
A commonly identified pathogenic microorganism that causes health care-associated skin infections
Antiseptics for skin include:
Chemicals that should be used to disinfect tourniquets and items contaminated with blood
1:10 solution of chlorine bleach
The HICPAC transmission-based precautions include:
Airborne, droplet, and contact
Chemical compound that is an antiseptic for skin
The proper sequence for removal of isolation apparel after blood collection in an isolation room
Gloves, goggles, gown
A phlebotomist has to avoid contact with patients for 24 hours after being started on an appropriate antibiotic and appearing symptom free. What type of infection could he or she have acquired for the above work limitations to apply
Strep throat (Group A)
In health care facilities, what is a typical fomite
The most important procedure in the prevention of disease transmission in health care institutions