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Flashcards in chapter 4 ancient greek Deck (29):
1

Zeus

chief god

2

Ares

god of war

3

Hera

wife of chief god

4

Aphrodite

goddess of love

5

Athena

goddess of wisdom

6

Hermes

messenger god

7

Hades

god of the underworld

8

Poseidon

god of the sea

9

Epic Poem

a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero. like Iliad and Odyssey

10

Agora

greek city-states, an open area that served as a gathering place and as a market

11

Hoplite

greek city-states, heavily armed foot soldiers

12

Phalanx

a wall of shields created by foot soldiers marching close together in a rectangular formation

13

Democracy

"the rule of many" government by people, either directly or through their elected Representative

14

Oligarchy

"the rule of the few" a form of government in which a small group of people exercises control

15

Helot

in ancient Sparta, captive peoples who were forced to work for their conquerors

16

Ritual

a ceremony or rite

17

cracle

in ancient Greece, a sacred shrine where a god or goddess was said to reveal the future through a priest or priestess

18

Athens and Spartas were ruled by what

ruled by oligarchy

19

farmers that could not pay debts in Athens what would happen

send to slavery

20

women had male guardians in Spartas or Athens

Athens

21

disputes between Athens and Sparta led in what war

the great pelopennesian war

22

killed what fraction of them

1/3

23

the twelve on what were most important

mount Olympus

24

closed itself off from outside world , only war mattered and not new ideas,acts etc

Sparta

25

war ended in 405 bc when the who surrender (how many years)

Athens. 26 years

26

games at olmpic honored who

Zeus

27

after , spirils of people good or bad went to what

Hades

28

plague broke out in what

Athens

29

at what age to Sparta end war

60