Chapter 4: Infection Control Principles And Practices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Infection Control Principles And Practices Deck (75)
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1

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body’s immune system; AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

2

Acquired Immunity

Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens (such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed)

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Allergy

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances

4

Antiseptics

Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration

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Asymptomatic

Showing no symptoms or signs of infection

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Bacilli

Short rod-shaped bacteria; they are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria

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Bacteria

Single-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics; some bacteria are harmful; some are harmless

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Bacterial Spores

Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to withstand very harsh environments and to shed the coating when conditions become more favorable to them

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Bactericidal

Capable of destroying bacteria

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Binary Fission

The division of bacterial cells into two new cells called daughter cells

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Biofilms

Colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body

12

Bloodborne Pathogens

Disease-causing microorganisms carries in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV

13

Cilia

Hairlike extensions that protrude from cells and help sweep away fluids and particles

14

Cleaning

A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs; cleaning also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection; cleaning is what barbers are required to do before disinfecting

15

Cocci

Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups; the three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci

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Communicable

Able to be communicated; transferable by contact from one person to another as in a communicable disease

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Contagious Disease

Also known as communicable disease, disease that is spread from one person to another person; some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections

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Contamination

The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item’s surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin

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Diagnosis

Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests; federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis

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Diplococci

Spherical bacteria that grows in pairs and causes diseases such as pneumonia

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Direct transmission

Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking

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Disease

An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function

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Disinfectants

Chemical products approved by the EPA designed to destroy most bacteria (excluding spores), fungi, and viruses on surfaces

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Disinfection

A chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces

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Efficacy

The ability of a product to produce the intended effect; on a disinfectant label, it indicates specific pathogens destroyed or disabled when used properly

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Exposure Incident

Contact with non intact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials, which is the result of the performance of an employees duties

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Flagella

Slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion (moving about); May also be referred to as cilia

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Fungi

Single-celled organisms that grow in irregular masses and include molds, mildews, and yeasts; they can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm

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Fungicidal

Capable of destroying molds and fungi

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Hepatitis

A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver