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Flashcards in Chapter 43 Deck (61)
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1

Frontal Lobe Functions

- Primary motor area
- Broca's speech center on the dominant side
- Voluntary eye movement
- Access to current sensory data
- Access to past information or experience
- Affective response to a situation
- Regulates behavior based on judgement
- Judgement
- Ability to develop long-term goals
- Reasoning, concentration, abstraction.

2

Parietal Lobe Functions

- Understand sensation, texture, size, shape and spatial relationships.
- Three-dimensional perception
- Important for singing, playing musical instruments, and processing nonverbal visual experiences.
- Perception of body parts and body position awareness
- Taste impulses for interpretation

3

Temporal Lobe Functions

- Auditory center for sound interpretation
- Complicated memory patterns
- Wernicke's area for speech

4

Occipital Lobe Function

- Primary visual center

5

Limbic Lobe Functions

- Emotional and visceral patterns connected with survival
- Learning and memory

6

Motor cortex control of the body is .....

contra-lateral (in controlled by the opposite side)

7

Cerebellar control of the body is ...

ipsilateral (situated on the same side)

8

Medulla Functions

- Cardiac-slowing center
- Respiratory center
- Cranial nerves IX (glossopharyngeal), X (vagus), XI (accessory) and XII (hypoglossal) emerge from the medulla, as do portions of cranial nerves VII (facial) and VIII (acoustic).

9

Pons Functions

- Cardiac acceleration and vasoconstriction centers
- Pneumotaxic center helps control respiratory pattern and rate
- Four cranial nerves originate from the pons: V (trigeminal), VI (abducens), VII (facial) and VII (vestibulocochlear)

10

Midbrain Functions

- Contains the cerebral aqueduct or aqueduct of Sylvius
- Location of periaqueductal gray, which may abolish pain when stimulated
- Cranial nerve nuclei III (oculomotor) and IV (trochlear) located here.

11

Proprioception

awareness of position and movements of body parts

12

How many pairs of spinal nerves?

31 pairs
- 8 cervical
- 12 thoracic
- 5 lumbar
- 5 sacral
- 1 coccygeal

13

How many cranial nerves?

12

14

Cranial Nerve I
( Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Olfactory
Origin: Olfactory Bulb
Type: Sensory
Function: Smell

15

Cranial Nerve II
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Optic
Origin: Midbrain
Type: Sensory
Function: Central and peripheral vision

16

Cranial Nerve III
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Oculomotor
Origin: Midbrain
Type: Motor
Function: Eye movement via medial and lateral rectus and inferior oblique and superior rectus muscles; lid elevation via the levator muscle. Pupil constriction; ciliary muscles.

17

Cranial Nerve IV
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Trochlear
Origin: Lower midbrain
Type: Motor
Function: Eye movement via superior oblique muscles

18

Cranial Nerve V
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Trigeminal
Origin: Pons
Type: Sensory
Function: Sensation from skin of face and scalp and mucous membranes of mouth and nose.

19

Cranial Nerve VI
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Abducens
Origin: Inferior Pons
Type: Motor
Function: Eye movement via lateral rectus muscles

20

Cranial Nerve VII
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Facial
Origin: Inferior Pons
Type: Sensory & Motor
Function: Pain and temperature from ear area; deep sensations from the face; taste from anterior two thirds of the tongue. Muscles of the face and scalp. Lacrimal, submandibular, and sublingual salivary glands.

21

Cranial Nerve VIII
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Vestibulocochlear
Origin: Pons-medulla junction
Type: Sensory
Function: Hearing, equilibrium

22

Cranial Nerve IX
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Glossopharyngeal
Origin: Medulla
Type: Sensory and Motor
Function: Pain and temperature from ear; taste and sensations from posterior one third of tongue and pharynx. Skeletal muscles of the throat. Parotid glands

23

Cranial Nerve X
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Vagus
Origin: Medulla
Type: Sensory and Motor
Functions: Pain and temperature from ear; sensations from pharynx, larynx, thoracic and abdominal viscera. Muscles of the soft palate, larynx and pharynx. Thoracic and abdominal viscera; cells of secretory glands; cardiac and smooth muscle innervation to the level of the splenic flexure

24

Cranial Nerve XI
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Accessory
Origin: Medulla
Type: Motor
Function: Skeletal muscles of the pharynx and larynx and sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles

25

Cranial Nerve XII
(Name, Origin, Type, Function)

Hypoglossal
Origin: Medulla
Type: Motor
Function: Skeletal muscles of the tongue.

26

Cognitive decline is frequently caused by....

drug interactions or toxicity or by an inadequate oxygen supply to the brain. Mental status may also decline as a result of infection. Often this change is a key early sign of an infectious process especially of UTI.

27

A change in _______ is the FIRST indication that central neurologic function has declines

Level of Consciousness

28

Scoring for Gordon's Functional Health

Level 0: Full self-care
Level I: Requires use of equipment or device
Level II: Requires assistance or supervision of another person
Level III: Requires assistance or supervision of another person and equipment or device.
Level IV: Is dependent and does not participate in care.

29

Test recall memory

Can be tested during the history and checked on the medical record.
ex. time of admission, Mode of transport to the hospital, physicians seen recently.

30

Immediate Memory test

tested by giving the patients two or three unrelated words such as "apple, street, and chair". Ask the pt to repeat the words to make sure they were heard properly and then ask them to repeat them in about 5 minutes