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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (75)
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1

Define Learning

relatively permanent change in behavior or mental process which results from experience rather than from maturation

2

learning requires what?

change in the way an organism behaves

3

What happens in the brain when learning occurs?

physically changed to record what has been learned

4

Define habituation

tendency of the brain to stop attending to constant, unchanging information

5

Define Mere Exposure effect

where you develop a preference for something just from being exposed to it more

6

Define behavioral learning

teaching someone a certain behavior that has to be learned

7

Define stimulus

sensory event that brings about a response

8

Define response

behavior that occurs because it was triggered by a stimulus

9

Define unconditioned response

a response that does not have to be learned

10

define conditioned response

response that comes from experience

11

Study classical conditioning chart

Great!!

12

Define conditional emotional response (CER)

bring about physical change
involuntary

13

Define generalization

scared of something for some reason, but you are also scared of stuff that looks similar.

14

Little Albert experiment demonstrates what?

Generalization

15

Define discrimination

Only respond to something specific

16

Define exttiincion

when something that was conditioned gets unconditioned

17

Define Spontaneous recovery

when an extinct condition all of a sudden reappears

18

Define biological preparedness

brain is preprogrammed to do or don't do some conditions

19

It is easy to learn and hard to unlearn and vice versas?

biological preparedness

20

What point of view is biological preparedness

evolutionary

21

Define vicarious conditioning

becoming classically conditioning by watching someone else respond to a stimulus

22

Define taste aversion

when you avoid a liquid or food that made you sick. sometimes you don't realize you do this

23

Define voluntary behavior

reactions you have control over

24

What is the operant conditioning Paradigm?

B + C = P

25

What is B +C = P

Behavior + Consequence = Probability of repeating behavior

26

Define trial and error behavior

when you try stuff to see if it works and you keep trying stuff till you find the solution to your problem

27

Define Thorndike's Law of Effect

behavior followed by satisfying consequences will be repeated.
behavior followed by unpleasant consequences will not be repeated.

28

How many types of consequences is there?

4

29

What are reinforcers?

Consequences that make a behavior more likely to happen again

30

What is a punisher?

Consequences that reduce the chance of a behavior to be repeated