Chapter 5 "Fair Housing Laws" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 "Fair Housing Laws" Deck (12)
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1

Civil Rights Act of 1866

For more then a century, the Civil Rights Act of 1866 would be of little importance in combatting housing discrimination, primarily because courts interpreted the law to prohibit public, or governmental, discrimination only.

2

1968 Supreme Court rule, in Jones v. Mayer

that the act “bars all racial discrimination, private as well as public, in a sale or rental of property, and that the statue, thus construed, is a valid exercise of the power of Congress to enforce the Thirteen Amendment.”

3

Plessy v. Ferguson, Supreme Court 1896

Opened the door for institutional segregation.

The famous “separate but equal” decision legalized the separation of races in everything from schools to public accommodations.

4

Brown v. the Topeka Board of Education, Supreme Court 1954

This ruling outlawed the separation of the races in public schools, and it was soon followed by other rulings outlawing the separation of the races.

5

Shelly v. Kraemer, U.S. Supreme Court, 1948

Ruled that the enforcement of racially restrictive covenants by state courts violated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment. This, persons were precluded from using the judicial system to enforce racial discrimination.

6

The Fair Housing Act of 1968

Race, color, religion, national origin

7

The 1974 Housing and Community Development Act

Added sex to race, color, religion, and national origin.

8

The 1988 Fair Housing Amendments Act

Added persons with physical or mental handicaps; families with children to race, color, religion, national origin and sex.

9

Steering

Channeling of home seekers to particular areas on the basis of race, religion, country of origin, or other protected class, either to maintain the homogeneity of an area or to change the character of an area in order to create a speculative situation.

10

Redlining

Refusing to make loans or otherwise denying financial assistance for housing in particular areas.

11

1995 HUD Memorandum

Memorandum on advertising terminology with the purpose of establishing procedures for investigating allegations of discriminatory advertising.

12

The Fair Housing Act

Prohibits discrimination based on
- race
- color
- religion
- sex
- handicap (disability)
- familial status
- national origin