Chapter 5: Hemoflagellates Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5: Hemoflagellates Deck (29)
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Roundish to oval, nucleus off-center, with basal body structure and small parabasal body

Amastigote

1

Umbrella term for basal body and small parabasal body in hemoflagellates

Kinetoplast

2

Other name for the basal body structure found in the morphologic forms of hemoflagellates

Blepharoplast

3

Long and slender with large single nucleus located in or near center, single free flagellum extending anteriorly, kinetoplast located in anterior portion

Promastigote

4

Body slightly wider than promastigote, large single nucleus located in posterior end, kinetoplast located anterior to nucleus, undulating membrane half of body length, free flagellum extending anteriorly

Epimastigote

5

C, S, or U shape in stained blood films, long and slender, kinetoplast located in posterior end from which emerges a full body length undulating membrane, single large nucleus anterior to kinetoplast, flagellum extending anteriorly if present

Trypomastigote

6

Morphologic form primarily found in tissue, muscle, and CNS within macrophages

Amastigote

7

2 forms routinely found in human specimens

Amastigote and trypomastigote

8

Form that reproduces and is visible in the peripheral blood

Trypomastigote

9

Form that is seen only if a blood sample is collected immediately after transmission into a healthy individual

Promastigote

10

This form can be seen when blood samples are appropriately cultured

Promastigote

11

Form found primarily in arthropod vector

Epimastigote

12

Hemoflagellates belong to the subphylum _______

Mastigophora

13

Hemoflagellates belong to the class _________

Zoomastigophora

14

Common name for infection with Leishmania tropica; cutaneous leishmaniasis, presents pus-containing ulcers

Baghdad boils

15

Common name for an infection with Leishmania mexicana; cutaneous

Bay sore

16

Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania mexicana commonly found in Beliza, Guatemala, and Yucatan Peninsula

Chiclero ulcer

17

Common name for visceral leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania donovani

Dum dum fever

18

Infection from Leishmania braziliensis; mucocutaneous, Central and South America, particularly Brazil

Espundia

19

Infection with Leishmania guyanensis; mucocutaneous, in Guianas, parts of Brazil and Venezuela; pian bois

Forest yaws

20

Another common name for forest yaws

Pian bois

21

Most severe form of visceral leishmaniasis caused by members of the Leishmania donovani complex

Kala-azar

22

Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by members of Leishmania tropica complex

Oriental sore

23

Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in Peruvian Andes

Uta

24

Common associated disease and condition names for Leishmania braziliensis complex

Chiclero ulcer, pian bois, forest yaws, uta, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, espundia

25

Members of Leishmania braziliensis complex

L. braziliensis
L. panamensis
L. peruviana
L. guyanensis

26

Specimen of choice for L. braziliensis complex amastigotes

Giemsa-stained biopsy of infected ulcer

27

Restriction analysis of kinetoplast DNA

Schizodeme analysis

28

Analysis of isoenzyme patterns

Zymodeme analysis