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Flashcards in Chapter 5 words not built from word parts Deck (48):
1

Acid-fast bacilli smear

Test performed on sputum to determine the presence of acid fast bacilli which causes TB.

2

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

Respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury

3

Arterial blood gasses

Test performed on arterial blood to determine the levels of O2, CO2 and pH.

4

Ashpyxia

Deprivation of O2 for tissue use; suffocation

5

Aspirate 2 def.

-To withdraw fluid or suction fluid
- To draw foreign material into the respiratory tract.

6

Asthma

Res. disease charecterized by coughing, wheezing, and SOB. Constriction and inflammation of airways

7

Bronchoconstrictor

Agent that causes narrowing of the Bronchi

8

Bronchodilator

Agent that causes bronchi to widen.

9

Chest Computed tomography

Radio graphic imagining to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusion.

10

Chest radiograph

Radiograph imaging to evaluate the lungs and heart. Also called a chest x ray

11

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Progressive lung disease that restricts airflow

12

Coccidiodomycocsis

Fungal disease affecting the lungs and somtimes other organs of the body

13

Cor Pulmonate

Serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders

14

Crackles

Heard on inspiration, sound like the crinkling of celophane. Also called rales

15

Cystic Fibrosis

Heriditary disorder of the exocrine glands with excesss mucous production and other symptoms.

16

Deviated Septum

Septum becomes disfigured. makes it hard to breathe

17

Emphysema

Stretching of the lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity

18

Epistaxis

Nosebleed

19

Hyperventilation

Ventilation of lungs beyond normal needs

20

Hypoventilation

Ventilation of the lungs that does not fulfill the body gas exchange needs.

21

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Chronic lung Disorder by increasing scarring

22

Influenza

Highly contagious and often severe viral infection of the resp. tract

23

Mucopurulent

Containing both mucus and pus.

24

Mucus

Slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membrane.

25

Nebulizer

Device that creates a mist for a respiratory treatment.

26

Nosocomial Infection

infection acquired during a hospitalization

27

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

reptative pharyngeal collapse during sleep

28

Paroxysm

periodic, sudden attack

29

Patent

open

30

Peak Flow Meter

Portable insturment used to measure how fast air can be pushed out of the lung.

31

Percussion

The act of tapping on the body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath the fingers.

32

Pertussis

highly contagious bacterial infection charecterized by whooping sound.

33

Pleural Effusion

Fluid in the pleural space casued by a disease or trauma

34

Purified Protein Derivative skin test

Test performed on people who have recently been exposed to TB.

35

Pulmonary Edema

Fluid accumilation in the alveoli and bronchioles, often caused by heart failure

36

Pulmonary Embolism

foreign material circulating carried to the pulmonary artery where it blocks circulation to the lungs and can be fatal

37

Pulmonary function test

Group of tests performed to measure breathing capacity and used to determine external respiratory function

38

Pulse Oximetry

Mesuring the O2 in the blood

39

Rhonchi

low pitched snoring quality sound with a stethoscope

40

Sputum

mucous secretions from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea that exit through the mouth

41

Sputum culture and sensitivity

test performed on sputum to determine the presence of pathogenic bacteria.

42

Stenosed

narrowing

43

Stethoscope

Instrument used to hear sounds within the body.

44

Stridor

Harsh high pitched sound heard on inspiration

45

Tuberculosis

Infectious bacterial disease that is spread by inhalation of small particles

46

Upper Respiratory Infection

Infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx. Commonly called a cold.

47

Ventilation Perfusion scanning

Nucleaur medicine procedure performed by inhaling and injecting into an artery followed by an image to show how well the air is distributed.

48

Ventilator

Mechanical device used to assist in breathing or substitue breathing