Chapter 58 Nursing Management: Stroke Flashcards Preview

Term 6: Medical Surgical 4 > Chapter 58 Nursing Management: Stroke > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 58 Nursing Management: Stroke Deck (14):
1

aneurysm, p. 1392

congenital or acquired weakness of the arterial wall resulting in dilation and ballooning of the vessel.

2

aphasia, p. 1394

an abnormal neurologic condition in which language function is disordered or absent because of an injury to certain areas of the cerebral cortex.

3

brain attack, p. 1388

term used to describe a stroke.

Aka: cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

4

cerebrovascular accident (CVA), p. 1388

term used to describe a stroke.

Aka: brain attack

5

dysarthria, p. 1394

a disturbance in the muscular control of speech resulting from interference in the control and execution over the muscles of speech.

6

dysphasia, p. 1394

difficulty related to the comprehension or use of language.

7

embolic stroke, p. 1392

a stroke that occurs when an embolus lodges in and occludes a cerebral artery, resulting in infarction and edema of the area supplied by the involved vessel.

8

hemorrhagic strokes, p. 1392

a stroke that results from bleeding into the brain tissue itself or into the subarachnoid space or ventricles.

9

intracerebral hemorrhage, p. 1392

a type of hemorrhagic stroke in which bleeding within the brain is caused by a rupture of a blood vessel.

10

ischemic stroke, p. 1391

a stroke that results from inadequate blood flow to the brain due to partial or complete occlusion of an artery.

11

stroke, p. 1388

the death of brain cells that occurs when there is ischemia to a part of the brain or hemorrhage into the brain.

12

subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), p. 1392

a stroke resulting from intracranial bleeding into the cerebrospinal fluid–filled space between the arachnoid and pia mater membranes on the surface of the brain.

13

thrombotic stroke, p. 1391

a stroke resulting from thrombosis or narrowing of the blood vessel.

14

transient ischemic attack (TIA), p. 1391

is a transient episode of neurologic dysfunction caused by focal brain, spinal cord, or retinal ischemia, but without acute infarction of the brain.

Clinical symptoms typically last less than 1 hour.