Phan's Prep Questions for Neuro Flashcards Preview

Term 6: Medical Surgical 4 > Phan's Prep Questions for Neuro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phan's Prep Questions for Neuro Deck (51):
1

What is the normal range for intracranial pressures (ICP) in the brain? How does the brain auto-regulate cerebral blood flow?

Head Injury & ICP

2

What is cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP)?

Head Injury & ICP

3

What is the normal range for CPP?

Head Injury & ICP

4

What is the formula to calculate CPP?

Head Injury & ICP

5

Describe the 1st stages of cerebral blood flow.

Head Injury & ICP

6

Describe the 2nd stages of cerebral blood flow.

Head Injury & ICP

7

Describe the 3rd stages of cerebral blood flow.

Head Injury & ICP

8

Describe the 4th stages of cerebral blood flow.

Head Injury & ICP

9

What is Cushing’s triad?

Head Injury & ICP

10

How does oxygen and carbon dioxide influence cerebral blood flow?

Head Injury & ICP

11

5. What is the most sensitive indicator for evaluating the patient’s neurological status?

Head Injury & ICP

12

What is cranial nerve III?

Head Injury & ICP

13

What happens if cranial nerve III is compressed?

Head Injury & ICP

14

What is decorticate posturing?

Head Injury & ICP

15

What is decerebrate posturing?

Head Injury & ICP

16

What is the significance of the halo sign?

Head Injury & ICP

17

How is the halo sign tested?

Head Injury & ICP

18

What are the interventions and drug therapies for patients with increased intracranial pressure?

Head Injury & ICP

19

Identify the 3 areas assessed for the Glascow Coma Scale (GSC).

Head Injury & ICP

20

What is the purpose of the GCS?

Head Injury & ICP

21

What is an epidural hematoma?

Head Injury & ICP

22

What is a subdural hematoma?

Head Injury & ICP

23

What is an intracerebral hematoma?

Head Injury & ICP

24

What is a burr hole?

Head Injury & ICP

25

What is a craniotomy?

Head Injury & ICP

26

What is a craniectomy?

Head Injury & ICP

27

Identify the non-modifiable risk factors for stroke.

Stroke

28

Identify the modifiable risk factors for stroke.

Stroke

29

What are the characteristics of a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?

Stroke

30

Ischemic stroke (Thrombotic & Embolic)

Stroke

31

Hemorrhagic stroke

Stroke

32

What are the clinical manifestations for patient who have had a stroke?

Stroke

33

Differentiate the effects & clinical manifestations between right-brain and left-brain stroke?

Stroke

34

What is the process and time limitations for a patient who comes to the ER with a stroke?

Stroke

35

What are the drug and surgical treatments for patients with ischemic strokes & hemorrhagic strokes?

Stroke

36

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to the Respiratory System?

Stroke

37

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to the Neurologic System?

Stroke

38

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to the Cardiovascular System?

Stroke

39

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to the Musculoskeletal System?

Stroke

40

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to the Integumentary System?

Stroke

41

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to the GI System?

Stroke

42

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to the GU System?

Stroke

43

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to Nutrition?

Stroke

44

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to Communication?

Stroke

45

What are the nursing interventions for stroke patients in regards to Sensory-Perception?

Stroke

46

Identify the characteristics of spinal and neurogenic shock.

Spinal Cord Injuries

47

2. What clinical manifestations for each system may occur with a spinal cord injury patient?
a. Neurological
b. Respiratory
c. Cardiovascular
d. GI
e. GU
f. Integumentary

Spinal Cord Injuries

48

3. For patients with a spinal cord injury, what treatments/interventions are utilized for each system?
a. Neurological
b. Respiratory
c. Cardiovascular
d. GI including neurogenic bowel
e. GU including neurogenic bladder
f. Integumentary

Spinal Cord Injuries

49

What is autonomic dysreflexia?

Spinal Cord Injuries

50

What are the precipitating causes for autonomic dysreflexia?

Spinal Cord Injuries

51

What are the treatments for autonomic dysreflexia?

Spinal Cord Injuries