Flashcards in Chapter 6/13: Metabolism & ATP Phosphorylation Deck (23):
What type of reaction involve breaking down larger molecules to obtain energy?
What type of reactions involve building macromolecules from small precursors by using energy?
What is cell's energy currency?
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
What are three main mechanisms for synthesizing ATP?
Substrate-level phosphorylation, Oxidative phosphorylation, Photophosphorylation
What type of mechanism for ATP synthesis uses an enzyme to transfer a phosphate from an organic molecule to ADP?
What type of mechanism for ATP synthesis uses a proton gradient to attach inorganic phosphate to ADP?
What type of phosphorylation occurs during glycolysis?
What is the end-product of glycolysis?
How many ATP molecules does glycolysis require?
How many ATP molecules are synthesizes during glycolysis?
4 ATP (net: 2 ATP)
What is oxidative phosphorylation also known as?
What type of phosphorylation involves electrons being passed through an electron transport system?
What is used to drive ATP synthesis in oxidative phosphorylation?
PMF (proton motive force)
What process does oxidative phosphorylation typically occur in?
What product results from the oxidative phosphorylation of 2 pyruvate after glycolysis?
How much ATP can be synthesized from the PMF generated by 1 NADH?
How much ATP can be synthesized from the PMF generated by 1 FADH2?
What type of phosphorylation is a subcomponent of both aerobic and anaerobic respiration?
What type of phosphorylation occurs in phototrophic bacteria?
What type of phosphorylation produces ATP using a proton gradient and an electron transport system?
What type of phosphorylation requires light energy?
What is the ATP generated by photophosphorylation used to drive?