Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (27):
The crime of promoting the perpetrator to commit a crime
Absolute Liability Offences
A crime that does not require the mens rea portion to be convicted. Unlike a strict liability offence, the accused can offer no defence.
In order for an offence or omission to be considered a crime it must be forbidden in the Criminal Code.
The act of assisting a perpetrator on scene
The criminal act of trying to commit a crime, but failing
Like an attempt, this is thecriminal act of trying to commit a crime; however, it requires multiple people to be considered a conspiracy.
The criminal act of advising, recommending, or persuading another person to commit a crime.
An act or omission that satisfies both mens reas and actus reaus
The body of laws that prohibit and punish acts that negatively impact society
The criminal act of disregarding the safety of others
The defence that the accused took all the necessary steps in order to prevent incriminating themselves.
The desire to commit a crime or wrongful act without exterior or interior motivation
The state of mind in which one desires to carry out the wrongful act. Establishes mens reas.
Awareness of facts regarding ones crime that can be used to establish ones mens rea.
Crimes which do not require mens rea.
The portion of determine if an act or omission is a crime, based on one the accuseds intent
The reason a person would commit a crime
Parties to an Offence
People that are indirectly responsible for a crime
Party to a Common Intention
If additional crimes are committed in additonal to the original planned one, all involved will be convicted of both the original and the additional crime, regardless of their intent of the additional crimes.
The person who actually commits the crime
Laws, which usually punish through fines, that are less serious and often under provincial or municipal jurisdiction.
the act of consciously taking risks that are unreasonable to most civilized people
Federal or provincial statutes in place to protect the public welfare.
The desire to commit a wrongful act in order to satisfy another
Strict Liability Offences
A liability offence (a crime harsh enough to not require the mens rea portion) that allows the accused to offer the defence due diligence
A deliberate closing of one's mind to the possible consequences of their actions