Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (27):
1

Abetting

The crime of promoting the perpetrator to commit a crime

2

Absolute Liability Offences

A crime that does not require the mens rea portion to be convicted. Unlike a strict liability offence, the accused can offer no defence.

3

Actus Reus

In order for an offence or omission to be considered a crime it must be forbidden in the Criminal Code.

4

Aiding

The act of assisting a perpetrator on scene

5

Attempt

The criminal act of trying to commit a crime, but failing

6

Conspiracy

Like an attempt, this is thecriminal act of trying to commit a crime; however, it requires multiple people to be considered a conspiracy.

7

Counselling

The criminal act of advising, recommending, or persuading another person to commit a crime.

8

Crime

An act or omission that satisfies both mens reas and actus reaus

9

Criminal Law

The body of laws that prohibit and punish acts that negatively impact society

10

Criminal Negligence

The criminal act of disregarding the safety of others

11

Due Diligence

The defence that the accused took all the necessary steps in order to prevent incriminating themselves.

12

General Intent

The desire to commit a crime or wrongful act without exterior or interior motivation

13

Intent

The state of mind in which one desires to carry out the wrongful act. Establishes mens reas.

14

Knowledge

Awareness of facts regarding ones crime that can be used to establish ones mens rea.

15

Liability

Crimes which do not require mens rea.

16

Mens Rea

The portion of determine if an act or omission is a crime, based on one the accuseds intent

17

Motive

The reason a person would commit a crime

18

Parties to an Offence

People that are indirectly responsible for a crime

19

Party to a Common Intention

If additional crimes are committed in additonal to the original planned one, all involved will be convicted of both the original and the additional crime, regardless of their intent of the additional crimes.

20

Perpetrator

The person who actually commits the crime

21

Quasi-criminal Laws

Laws, which usually punish through fines, that are less serious and often under provincial or municipal jurisdiction.

22

Recklessness

the act of consciously taking risks that are unreasonable to most civilized people

23

Regulatory Laws

Federal or provincial statutes in place to protect the public welfare.

24

Specific Intent

The desire to commit a wrongful act in order to satisfy another

25

Strict Liability Offences

A liability offence (a crime harsh enough to not require the mens rea portion) that allows the accused to offer the defence due diligence

26

Willful Blindness

A deliberate closing of one's mind to the possible consequences of their actions

27

Accessory After the Fact

The crime of assisting a perpetrator after their crime. A party to the offence.