Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Law 12 > Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (18):
1

Appearance Notice

For less serious offences, a legal document compelling the accused to appear in court at a specific time.

2

Arrest

Seizing or touching a person to indicate that they are in custody and legally depriving them of liberty.

3

Arrest Warrent

A written court order that directs the arrest of a suspect.

4

Bail

The temporary release of an accused who posts money or some other security, as collateral

5

Bench Warrant

An arrest warrant issued directly by the judge when an accused person fails to appear in court. If this is not met the accused will be charged with the offence of "failure to appear."

6

Detention

With or without physical restraint, legally depriving a person of liberty, to ask questions.

7

Information

A statement given under oath, informing the court of the details of the offence.

8

Line-up

A group of people shown before a witness for the purpose of identifying the perpetrator.

9

Peace Officer

A person responsible for protecting public peace. This can include police officers, mayors, and customs officers.

10

Promise To Appear

A signed agreement promising that an accused person will appear in court at the time of the trial.

11

Reasonable Grounds

Information that would lead a reasonable person to conclude that the subject had committed a criminal offence.

12

Recognizance

Under the penalty of a fine of up to $500, a guarantee that that a person will appear in court when required.

13

Reverse Onus

To save money, switching the burden of proof to the defence. This often occurs when a person does not seem fit for bail.

14

Search Warrant

A court document that gives the police the right to search a specific location.

15

Show Cause Hearing

A judicial hearing in which the Crown or the accused has to convince the judge either to detain or release the accused before trial. This is necessary because it costs money to keep a person detained, but for many it is necessary.

16

Summons

An appearance notice for an indictable offence that orders an accused to appear in court.

17

Surety

A person who agrees to make a payment if the accused does not appear at trail.

18

Telewarrent

A search warrant obtained by phone or fax.