Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (43):
what is another name for cash value insurance, and what sets it aside from term insurance?
Permanent life insurance,
its insurance offered throughout the insured's lifetime and provides a savings element in addition to insurance protection.
define whole life insurance
provides lifetime insurance coverage usually at a level premium rate that does not increase as the insured ages.
the size of a whole life insurance policy cash value at any given time depends on what number of factors?
the face amount
length of time the policy has been in force
length of policy premium payments period
what is the typical growth rate of whole life policies?
slow at first, with no value increase until a couple years after its been in place, then rapid. During the first years the cash value
can the owner of a whole life policy use the policy's cash value as a secured loan?
yes, its called a policy loan, from the insurance comapny its self, but if the applicant dies before the loan is payed back, the amount + interrest is deducted from the benefits
what happens if a cash value life insurance policy does not remain in force until the insured's death?
the insurer agrees to refund the cash value- less any surrender chardes and outstanding policy loans.
What term is used for the cash value amount that a policyownder is entitled to receive upon surrender ?
cash surrender valye-
what are the two classifications of whole life policies in terms of payments periods?
2. limited-payment policies.
how are the payments on continuous-premium policies set up?
premiums are payable until the death of the insured. the payments are usually lower than the other option
how are the payments on limited-payments policies set up?
premiums are payable only for a stated period of time or until the insured's death, which over comes first. if the owner is still alive and has reached the premium payment period, then premiums stop but the coverage is still in force.
what is the specific terms used when a policy that requires no further premium payments but continues to provide coverage ?
Which premiums tend to be more expensive continuous-premium or limited-payment policies?
limited- but its cash value grows at a faster rate.
what is a modified-premium whole life policy?
its a whole life for which the annual premium amount changes after a specified initial period. the faceamount does not change, but the premiums in the first few years would be less, then after the period of time would increase. Great for young people who may make more in the future but not a lot rn.
what is a graded-premium policy?
these policies call for 3 or more levels of annual premium payment amounts, increasing at different points in time (such as every 3 years)
what is a modified coverage policy?
the amount of insurance provided decreases by a specified percentage or amounts either when the insured reaches certain ages or at the end of stated time periods.
name 3 examples of policies where there can be coverage provided on more than one life
joint whole life insurance
last survivor life insurance
what is joint whole life insurance [joint-first-to-die]?
upon the death of one of the owners the benefit is payable to the beneficiary, (usually the other life) and coverage ends. usually some companies with provide a specific period (60-90 days) where the survivor can purchase single life insurance for the same amount without providing new evidence.
What is last survivor life insurance [second-to-die]
the benefit is only paid after both people insured by the policy have died. Ideal becuase its cheaper than two individual whole life insurance policies and a joint whole life insurance policy.
what is a family policie?
includes term life insurance coverage on the primary insures' spouse and children. The amount of term insurance coverage provided on the insured's spouse and children is a fraction of the amount of the insured's whole life insurance coverage. Usuallt evidence is required to prove all lives are insurable on the benefit.
What is a characteristic of universal life insurance that sets it apart?
its flexible premiums,
its flexible face amount
its flexible death benefit amount
and its separation of the three primary policy elements.
what 3 policy elements are separate on a universal life policy?
1. mortality charges that the insurer will apply
2. the interest rate that the insurer will credit to the policies cash value.
3. the expense charges that the insurer will apply.
What is another name for mortality charge- in which the insurance company periodically deducts from the policy's cash value?
cost of insurance-
will insurers only pay the minimum interest rate required on the policies cash value each year?
they guarentee the minimum but will pay a higher interrest rate if economic and competitive companies warrant.
Name the 5 expense charges commonly imposed by the insurance company on universal policies
1. Flat charge during the first policy year to cover sales and policy issue costs
2. percentage of each annual premium to cover expenses.
3. a monthly administration fee, (policy fee)
4. Surrender charges- imposed if owner surrenders the policy
5. other charges: coverage changes or policy withdraws
how is the first premium payment on a universal life divided by the insurance company?
deducts the amount of any applicable expense charges, and credits remainder to the policy's cash value.
what happens to the following payments on a universal life product?
each month following the insurer deducts the periodic mortality charges from the cash value and credits the cash value with interrest at the current rate.
how can a policyowner increase and decrease the cash value of the universal life policy?
making additionl or larger-than-required premiums payments.
and reduce by making withdrawing funds form the cash value. - this has additional charges
what happens when the cash value of the policy is not sufficient to pay the periodic mortality charges and expense charges?
it lapses, which is the termination of the policy for nonpayment.
- people are usually given a warning in which they can pay additional premiums or reduce the face amount
some universal life products offer no-lapse guarentee, what it that
the insurance coverage of the product will remain in effeect for a stated period of time, or until the insured reaches a specififc age.
how is the face amount and death benefit flexible on the universal life products?
the owner can specify the face amount and the amount of the death benefit.
- if increasing face amount may require evidence
- if lowering, the limit must not change the product to an investment rather than insurance
what is a flexible premium universal life insurance product?
allows owner to alter the amount and frequency of premium payments (wnl). The owner can also chose when to pay renewal premiums as long as the cash value is always above the needed expenses.
describe the regulation used to ensure life insurance products dont become investment plans d/t tax free cash value returns
the US federal tax laws limits the size of a life insurance policy's cash value in relation to its death benefit. if it exceeds it can be taxed- insurance companies try and not let this happen.
What is a fixed premium universal life insurance policy?
required series of schedules premium payemnts of a specific amount for a specific length of time, or until death (which ever is first). Sometimes a products actual experience is less favourable that the insurer projected when it created the financial design of the product- (interrest rates fluctuate)
To help with changing aspects of a universal life product, insurers will send reports to their clients, which contain why types of information (9)>
1. amount of the death benefit payable
2. amount of the policy's cash value
3. amount of the cash surrender value
4. amount of interest earned on the cash value
5. the amount fo the mortality charges deducted
6. amount of expense charges deducted
7. amount of premiums paid during the reporting period
8. amount of policy loans outstanding
9. amount of any cash value withdrawals.
What is variable life insurance
a form of cash value insurance in which premiums are fixed but the death benefit and other values may vary, reflecting the performance of investments subaccounts that the policyowner selects.
what is a subaccount?
one of several alternative pools of investments to which a variable lif4e insurance policy ownder allocates the premiums she has paud abnd the cash valyes that have accumulated under her policy.
what is the seperate acount (segregated account)
in an investment account the insurer maintains seperately from its general account to isolate and help manage the funds placed in various acounds
what is the general account
its an undivided investment account in which an insurer maintains funds that support its contractual obligations to pay benefits under its guaranteed insurance products.
these funds are invested in secure investments
what is variable universal life insurance which is also called flexible-premium?
it combines the premium and death benefit flexibility of the universal life insurance with the investment flexibility and risk of variable life insurance.
- allows owner to choose premium and facemount, the owner chooses several subaccount and may change the chosen options of investment periodically. the returns that the insurere credits to the policy's cash value reflects the investment earning of the subacounts.
can a person decide if the death will remain level or decrease/increase like the VL insurance?
yes for the VUL insurance.
- this policy does not guarentee investment earnings or cash value just like the VL policies.
What is endowment insurance?
it provides a policy benefit payable either when the insured dies or on a stated date if the insured is still alive on that date.
what is the maturity date, in terms of endowment insurance.
the date on which the insurer will pay the policy's face amount to the policy owner if the insured is sitll living.
reached either at the end of stated term or specific age is reached.