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1

Japanese Americans

Afraid of espionage
3,000 arrested, 100,000 interned
Lost property and belongings
30,000 served in army
Release began late 1944

2

Executive Order 9066

Interned Japanese Americans

3

American Japanese Claims act

Passed 1948
$37 million in compensation

4

Japanese Canadians

Feared espionage and spies
Moved to west coast and interned
Had to pay for upkeep
Property was sold
6,000 deported

5

Canadian Japanese compensation

$12 mil
$21,000 per surviving internee

6

Hispanic Americans

Racial tension in CA
Braceros agreement let Mexicans work on US

7

Zoot suit riots

Hispanic youths vs white officers
Actually started by whites

8

Native American

Volunteered for armed forces
Navajo code talkers
Improved standard of living
Began moving off reservations afterwards
Women joined WACS, WAVES, and Army Nurse Corps

9

Japanese Peruvians

1800 deported to US and interned
Few returned to Peru
Interned at request of Us
Laws made the second-class

10

Japanese Brazillians

Travel restrictions placed on them
Forced away from costal areas
Compelled by US
Became hated
Enterprises liquidated and froze bank accounts

11

Women’s role in war

Grew from 13 mil to 19 mil
Worked in munitions industry
Took male roles, bot paid as much
Began to close wage gap, excluded from top jobs, fired when married

12

Issues for women

Male resentment
Unequal pay
Hate strikes
Poor conditions

13

WACS

1943
Women’s Army Corps
Held in poor esteme
Assisted army and fought when needed
Replacement for WAAC

14

WAAC

Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps
Non combat jobs
Not directly accepted
Clerical work

15

WAVES

Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service
Female only devision of navy
Clerical, med, communications, tech work, intelligence

16

WASPs

Women’s auxiliary ferrying squadron (WAFS) and Women’s flying training detachment (WFTD) merged
Women air force service pilots
2000 accepted, 1000 graduated

17

Army nurse corp

Little training
No experience in battles
Small number of African American women

18

African American before war

Few had jobs
Randolph’s march on Washington
(Disbanded after negotiations)
Cases of civil disobedience

19

Executive Order 8802 and Fair Employment Practices Committee

Prohibit workplace discrimination

20

African Americans US army

Fdr wanted 10% to be AA
White commanders didn’t want them
Race riots near training camps
Integrated at battle of bulge

21

AA US air force

Discrimination
600 pilots
Tuskegee pilots

22

AA in US navy

Menial and dangerous jobs
Caused riots
Some improvements after riots

23

NAACP

National association for the advancement of colored people
Legal route
Grow awareness in white community

24

CORE

Congress of racial equality
Sit ins and riots
Wanted to pressure government into action