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1

Exercise and sports nutrition

promotion of optimal intake of nutrition for tissue, growth, and repair and for providing enough energy but not an excessive amount

2

optimal nutrition intake can

-Reduce the risk of disease conditions
-Enhance sport and athletic performance

3

early influences of exercise and sports nutrition

-understanding of proper iron and protein intake
-Development of procedures for measuring energy expenditure

4

recent influences of exercise and sport nutrition

-Framingham heart study and NHANES
-Formation of the American dietic association 1917

5

early influences of development of nutrition for sport

importance of consumption of protein and carbs for improved performance

6

recent influences for development of nutrition for sport

development of muscle biopsy performance enhancement following consumption of vitamin and mineral supplements

7

dietary to recall

individual reports intake over the previous 24 hours

8

dietary records

individual records the type and amounts of foods consumed over a time period

9

nutrients for health and performance

-fat
-protein
-Vitamin
-mineral water
-Cho

10

epidemiology studies

demonstrates relationships between diet and increased risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and some cancers

11

nutritional programs

-Dash
-Fruits and veggies
-We can
-Fresh start

12

current nutritional issues for health

role of macronutrients content on weight management

13

Dietary guidelines for health

-Updated every 5 years
-USDA food guide
-Dietary reference intake

14

carbohydrate intake

important to moderate and high-intensity exercise

15

Sufficient CHO is necessary to

-replenish muscle glycogen after a workout
-helps with protein synthesis

16

consuming amounts and types of proteins are important for

ensuring optimal performance

17

best to consume protein

several meals throughout the day

18

processed protein supplements

used by athletes as a convenient source of protein

19

factors affecting daily protein requirements

-total carb intake
-total energy intake
-exercise intensity and duration

20

Vitamins

play important roles in energy production and tissue metabolism

21

minerals

important component of metabolic reactions to the body

22

hydration status and fluid replacement

-loss of 2% of water can impact performance
-Electrolytes are lost from sweat and can impair performance

23

ergogenic aids

substance used to improve exercise and athletic performance

24

types of ergogenic aids

-Physiological
-biomechanical
-psychological
-nutritional

25

how to calculate % of calories from CHO, PRO, Fats

grams times 4 divided by calories per serving