Chapter 6-Digestive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6-Digestive System Deck (92)
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bilirubin

orange-yellow pigment formed during desruction of erythrocyes that is taken up by liver cells to form bilirubi and eventuallyexretd in the feces

1

bolus

mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed

2

exocrine

gland that secretes it s products through exretory ducts to the surace of an organ or tissue into a vessel

3

sphincter

circular band of muscle fibers that constricts a passage or closes a natural opening of the body

4

triglycerides

organic compound, a true fat, that is made of one glycerol and three fatty acids

5

or/o

mouth

oral-pertaining to the mouth

6

stomat/o

mouth

stomatitis-inflammation of the mouth

7

gloss/o

tongue

8

lingu/o

tongue

linqual-pertaining to the tongue

9

bucc/o

cheek

10

cheil/o

lip

cheiloplasty-surgical repair of a defective lip

11

labi/o

lip

12

dent/o

Teeth

13

odon/o

Teeth

14

gingiv/o

gum(s)

15

sial/o

saliva, salivary gland

sialolith-calculus formed in a salivary gland or duct

16

esophag/o

esophagus

esophagoscope-instrument for examining the esophagus

17

pharying/o

pharynx (throat)

pharyngotonsilitis-inflammation of the pharynx and tonsils

18

gastr/o

stomach

gastralgia-pain in the stomach; also called stomachache

19

pylor/o

pylorus

20

duoden/o

duodenum (first part of small intestine)

21

enter/o

intestine (usually small intestine)

22

jejun/o

jejunum (second part of small intestine)

23

ile/o

ileum (third part of small intestine)

24

append/o

appendix

25

appendic/o

appendix

26

col/o

colon

colostomy-creation of an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall

27

colon/o

colon

colonoscopy-visual examination of the colon

28

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

sigmoidotomy-incision of the sigmoid colon

29

rect/o

rectum