Flashcards in Chapter 6 Key Terms Deck (42):
The principle that physiological changes occur in direct proportion to imposed exercise stimulus is called?
SAID principle. specific adaptation of imposed demands.
The ability to respond with an appropriate muscular response to an exercise stimulus without hesitation?
The ability to create large amount of force in short amount of time
A disturbance in equilibrium; shaking
in order to create physiological changes, an exercise stimulus must be applied at a greater intensity than the body is used to
the straight ahead velocity of an individual
heartbeats per minute (heart contractions) while body is at rest?
RHR resting heart rate
a complete movement of a single exercise
unstable yet controllable environment
proprioceptivelly enriched environments
group of successive repetitions
The specific muscular contractions using different speeds and patterns to increase neuromuscular efficiency
rationale for challenging kinetic chain with a wide variety of exercises and stimuli
principle of variation
a complex interaction involving the muscular system, PNS, CNS to obtain balance or postural control
ability of nervous system to gather and interpret information to anticipate and execute proper motor response
rationale for challenging the kinetic chain with a wide variety of exercises and stimuli
principle of variation
ability to prepare, maintain, anticipate, and restore stability of the entire human movement system
excessive frequency, volume, intensity of training, resulting in fatigue, caused by lack of rest and recovery
OTS overtraining syndrome
ability to maintain equilibrium in place with no external forces
ability of neuromuscular system to provide internal tension and exert force against external resistance.
the distance covered with each stride
number of strides in a given time or distance
the point during graded exercise at which ventilation increases disproportionately to oxygen uptake, signifying a switch from predominately aerobic energy production to anaerobic
ventilatory threshold. tvent
highest rate of oxygen transport and utilization achieved at max physical exertion
also called plyometric training, involves eccentric contractions followed by quick explosive concentric contractions
flexibility exercises in which agonists move a limb through a full range of motion, allowing the antagonists to stretch
active isolated stretching
the components that specify how each exercise is to be performed
2nd stage of GAS where physiological changes occur to meet demands of newly imposed stress
the ability to maintain center of gravity over a changing base of support while changing direction at various speeds
1st stage of GAS initial phase of response to new stimuli in human movement system
2nd phase of integrated performance paradigm requiring an isometric muscle contraction
point during high intensity activity when the body can no longer meet its demand for oxygen and anaerobic metabolism predominates, also called the lactate threshold.
process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cause muscles to comtract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle
ability to maintain body's center of gravity within its base of support
a series of exercises performed in order to ensure a full body resistance training session combined with cardiorespiratory exercise.
flexibility training that is applied with goal of improving muscle imbalances and correcting altered joint mechanics
ability to maintain equilibrium through the intended path of motion when external forces are present
multiplanar extensibility with optimal neuromuscular control through a full range of motion
the third stage of GAS in which stress continues beyond the body's ability to adapt, leading to potential physiological and structural breakdown
the number of activation signals sent to a single motor unit in 1 second
how the kinetic chain responds and adapts to imposed demands. how the body responds and adapts to stress
general adaptation syndrome
enlargement of skeletal muscle fibers in response to overcoming force from high volumes of tension