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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Key Terms Deck (42):
1

The principle that physiological changes occur in direct proportion to imposed exercise stimulus is called?

SAID principle. specific adaptation of imposed demands.

2

The ability to respond with an appropriate muscular response to an exercise stimulus without hesitation?

quickness

3

The ability to create large amount of force in short amount of time

Power

4

A disturbance in equilibrium; shaking

perturbation

5

in order to create physiological changes, an exercise stimulus must be applied at a greater intensity than the body is used to

overload principle

6

the straight ahead velocity of an individual

speed

7

heartbeats per minute (heart contractions) while body is at rest?

RHR resting heart rate

8

a complete movement of a single exercise

repetition

9

unstable yet controllable environment

proprioceptivelly enriched environments

10

group of successive repetitions

set

11

The specific muscular contractions using different speeds and patterns to increase neuromuscular efficiency

neuromuscular specificity

12

rationale for challenging kinetic chain with a wide variety of exercises and stimuli

principle of variation

13

a complex interaction involving the muscular system, PNS, CNS to obtain balance or postural control

sensorimotor control

14

ability of nervous system to gather and interpret information to anticipate and execute proper motor response

sensorimotor integration

15

rationale for challenging the kinetic chain with a wide variety of exercises and stimuli

principle of variation

16

ability to prepare, maintain, anticipate, and restore stability of the entire human movement system

postural stability

17

excessive frequency, volume, intensity of training, resulting in fatigue, caused by lack of rest and recovery

OTS overtraining syndrome

18

ability to maintain equilibrium in place with no external forces

static balance

19

ability of neuromuscular system to provide internal tension and exert force against external resistance.

strength

20

the distance covered with each stride

stride length

21

number of strides in a given time or distance

stride rate

22

the point during graded exercise at which ventilation increases disproportionately to oxygen uptake, signifying a switch from predominately aerobic energy production to anaerobic

ventilatory threshold. tvent

23

highest rate of oxygen transport and utilization achieved at max physical exertion

VO2max

24

also called plyometric training, involves eccentric contractions followed by quick explosive concentric contractions

reactive training

25

flexibility exercises in which agonists move a limb through a full range of motion, allowing the antagonists to stretch

active isolated stretching

26

the components that specify how each exercise is to be performed

acute variables

27

2nd stage of GAS where physiological changes occur to meet demands of newly imposed stress

adaptation phase

28

the ability to maintain center of gravity over a changing base of support while changing direction at various speeds

agility

29

1st stage of GAS initial phase of response to new stimuli in human movement system

alarm phase

30

2nd phase of integrated performance paradigm requiring an isometric muscle contraction

amortization phase

31

point during high intensity activity when the body can no longer meet its demand for oxygen and anaerobic metabolism predominates, also called the lactate threshold.

anaerobic threshold

32

process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cause muscles to comtract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle

autogenic inhibition

33

ability to maintain body's center of gravity within its base of support

balance

34

a series of exercises performed in order to ensure a full body resistance training session combined with cardiorespiratory exercise.

circuit training

35

flexibility training that is applied with goal of improving muscle imbalances and correcting altered joint mechanics

corrective flexibility

36

ability to maintain equilibrium through the intended path of motion when external forces are present

dynamic balance

37

multiplanar extensibility with optimal neuromuscular control through a full range of motion

dynamic stretching

38

the third stage of GAS in which stress continues beyond the body's ability to adapt, leading to potential physiological and structural breakdown

exhaustion phase

39

the number of activation signals sent to a single motor unit in 1 second

firing frequency

40

how the kinetic chain responds and adapts to imposed demands. how the body responds and adapts to stress

general adaptation syndrome

41

enlargement of skeletal muscle fibers in response to overcoming force from high volumes of tension

hypertrophy

42

comprehensive training approach that combines all components necessary to help a client achieve optimum performance

integrated training