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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (20):
1

Facilitated/hypertonic (shortened) muscles in kyphosis-lordosis posture

Hip flexors
Lumbar extensors
Anterior chest/shoulders
Lats
Neck extensors

2

Inhibited (lengthened) muscles associated with kyphosis-lordosis posture

Hip extensors
External obliques
Upper-back extensors
Scapular stabilizers
Neck flexors

3

Facilitated/hypertonic (shortened) associated with flat-back posture

Rectus abdominis
Upper-back extensors
Neck extensors
Ankle plantar flexors

4

Inhibited (lengthened) muscles in flat-back posture

Illiacus/psoas major
Internal oblique
Lumbar extensors
Neck flexors

5

Facilitated/hypertonic imbalances associated with sway-back posture

Hamstrings
Upper fibers of the posterior obliques
Lumbar extensors
Neck extensors

6

Inhibited (lengthened) muscles associated with sway-back posture

Illiacus/psoas major
Rectus femoris
External oblique
Upper-back extensors
Neck flexors

7

Pronation of subtalar joint

Eversion of foot
Internal rotation of knee
Internal rotation of femor
Seen in frontal view

8

Supination of subtalar joint

Inversion of foot
External rotation of knee
External rotation of femor
Seen in frontal view

9

Right hip adduction

Right side slightly elevated and shifted right
View from posterior front view

10

Left hip adduction

Elevated and shifted to left
View from posterior frontal view

11

Over dominant muscles associated with anterior pelvic tilt

Hip flexors
Erector spinae

12

Over dominant muscles associated with posterior pelvic tilt

Rectus abdominis
Tight hamstrings

13

Lengthened muscles of an anterior pelvic tilt

Hamstrings
Rectus abdominis
View from saggital

14

Lengthened muscles associated with posterior pelvic tilt

Hip flexors
Erector spinae

15

Tight muscles associated with not level shoulders

Upper traps
Levator scapula
Rhomoids
Frontal view

16

Tight muscles associated with asymmetry to the midline

Lateral trunk flexors (on one side)
Frontal view

17

Tight muscles associated with protracted (forward and rounded) shoulders

Serratus anterior
Anterior scapulo-humeral muscles
Upper trapezius
Saggital view

18

Tight muscles associated with medically rotated humerus

Pectoralis major
Lats
Subscapularis
Frontal view

19

Tight muscles associated with kyphosis and depressed chest

Shoulder adductors
Pectoralis minor
Rectus abdominis
Internal oblique
Saggital view

20

Tight muscles associated with forward head tilt

Cervical spine extensors
Upper traps
Levator scapulae