Chapter 7: Friendship Flashcards Preview

375 exam 2 > Chapter 7: Friendship > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7: Friendship Deck (30):
1

Friendship

A voluntary personal relationship that provides intimacy and assistance

2

3 Attributes of Friendships

1. Affection
2. Communion (self-disclosure, support, advice)
3. Shared Interests

3

Capitalization

Sharing good news with friends and receiving enthusiastic and rewarding responses in return

4

Emotional Support

Affection, acceptance and reassurance

5

Physical Support

Hugging and cuddling

6

Advice Support

Information and guidance

7

Material support

Help in the form of money and goods

8

Invisible Support

Support that the recipient does not notice

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Responsiveness

Supportive recognition of our needs

10

Perceived Partner Responsiveness

The judgment that someone is attentive to our needs and aspirations

11

Rules of Friendship

Shared cultural beliefs about what behaviours friends should or shouldn't perform

12

Friendship in Childhood

Kids begin to understand the perspectives and wishes of other people

13

Key Interpersonal Needs (Buhrmeister & Furman)

Intimacy, acceptance, and sexuality

14

Friendship in Adolescence

Teens spend less time with their families and more time with friends

15

Proximity Seeking

Component of Attachment
Staying near or making contact with a partner

16

Separation Protest

Component of Attachment
Refusing to separate from a partner and showing distress upon seperation

17

Safe Haven

Turning to a partner for comfort and support in times of stress

18

Secure Base

Partner who provides safety in new experiences and environments

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Friendship in Young Adulthood

Young adults learn to make enduring and committed intimate relationships

20

Friendship in Midlife

People in midlife have romantic partners and spend less time with family and friends

21

Dyadic Withdrawal

As people see more of a lover, they see less of their friends

22

Friendship in Old Age

Elderly people have smaller social circles and fewer friends
More selective about their friends

23

Socioemotional Selectivity Theory

Elderly people have smaller social circles because they have different interpersonal goals than young people

24

Interdependent Self-Construal

Our opinion of how interdependent we think we are
Relationships are important in our self-concepts

25

Shyness

Combination of being socially reserved, uncomfortable, and having inhibited behaviour in social settings

26

Loneliness

Unequal balance between number of friends and quality of partnerships we want/have

27

Social Isolation

Being dissatisfied because we lack a social network

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Emotional Isolation

Being dissatisfied because we lack affection and emotional support

29

How is Friendship Different than Love?

1. Less Confining
2. Less Exclusive
3. Less Passionate

30

Causes of Loneliness

Attachment style, personality, genetic influences, self-esteem