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Flashcards in chapter 7: Irrigation Deck (88)
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1

Historically, civilizations have been dependent on

development of irrigated agriculture

2

Historically, civilizations have been dependent on development of irrigated agriculture to provide

agrarian basis of a society & to augment the security of people.

3

Archaeological investigation has identified evidence of irrigation in Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt & Ancient Persia as far back as the

6th millennium BCE (Before Christ Era).

4

In the Zana valley of the Andes Mountain in Peru, archaeologists found remains of three irrigation canals referred to the

4th millennium BC, the 3rd Millennium BC & the 9th century CE (Christ Era)

5

In the Zana valley of the Andes Mountain in Peru, archaeologists found remains of three irrigation canals referred to the 4th millennium BC, the 3rd Millennium BC & the 9th century CE (Christ Era). These canals are

the earliest record of irrigation in the new world.

6

The Indus valley civilization in Pakistan & North India (from

2600 BC)

7

The Indus valley civilization in Pakistan & North India (from 2600 BC) also had

an early canal irrigation system

8

The Indus valley civilization in Pakistan & North India (from 2600 BC) also had an early canal irrigation system. Large scale agriculture was used for the purpose of

irrigation

9

The Indus valley civilization in Pakistan & North India (from 2600 BC) also had an early canal irrigation system. Large scale agriculture was used for the purpose of irrigation. .......................... and ........................... were developed 

Sophisticated irrigation & storage systems

10

The Indus valley civilization in Pakistan & North India (from 2600 BC) also had an early canal irrigation system. Large scale agriculture was used for the purpose of irrigation. Sophisticated irrigation & storage systems were developed, including

the reservoirs built at Girnar in 3000 BC.

11

There is evidence of ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Amenemhet-III (about ......................)

1800 BC

12

There is evidence of ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Amenemhet-III (about 1800 BC) using

the natural lake of the Faiyum Oasis as a reservoir to store surpluses of water for use during the dry seasons.

13

The Qanats, developed in ancient Persia in about

800 BC

14

The Qanats, developed in ancient Persia in about 800 BC, are among the

oldest known irrigation methods still in use today

15

The Qanats, developed in ancient Persia in about 800 BC, are among the oldest known irrigation methods still in use today. The system comprises a network of

vertical wells & gently sloping tunnels driven into the sides of cliffs & steep hills to tap ground water

16

The irrigation works of ancient Sri Lanka, the earliest dating from about

300 BC

17

The irrigation works of ancient Sri Lanka, the earliest dating from about 300 BC, were one of the

most complex irrigation systems of the ancient world

18

The irrigation works of ancient Sri Lanka, the earliest dating from about 300 BC, were one of the most complex irrigation systems of the ancient world. In addition to

underground canals

19

The irrigation works of ancient Sri Lanka, the earliest dating from about 300 BC, were one of the most complex irrigation systems of the ancient world. In addition to underground canals, the Sinhalese were the first to build

completely artificial reservoirs to store water

20

The irrigation works of ancient Sri Lanka, the earliest dating from about 300 BC, were one of the most complex irrigation systems of the ancient world. In addition to underground canals, the Sinhalese were the first to build completely artificial reservoirs to store water. The system was extensively

restored & further extended later (1153-1186 CE).

21

In the Szechwan region ancient China the Dujiangyan Irrigation System was built in

250 BC

22

In the Szechwan region ancient China the Dujiangyan Irrigation System was built in 250 BC to

irrigate a large area & it still supplies water today

23

In Korea, the world‟s first water gauge was discovered in

1441 CE

24

In the Americas, extensive irrigation systems were created by

numerous groups in prehistoric times

25

In the Americas, extensive irrigation systems were created by numerous groups in prehistoric times. One example is seen near the Santa Cruz River in Tucson, Arizona. They have located a

a village site dating from 4000 years ago

26

In the Americas, extensive irrigation systems were created by numerous groups in prehistoric times. One example is seen near the Santa Cruz River in Tucson, Arizona. They have located a village site dating from 4000 years ago. The flood plain of the Santa Cruz River was

extensively farmed during the early agricultural period, circa 1200 BC to AD 150.

27

The Great Dam of Ma'rib certainly dates back to about

the 8th century BC

28

The Great Dam of Ma'rib certainly dates back to about the 8th century BC and is considered

the oldest known dam in the world

29

The Great Dam of Ma'rib certainly dates back to about the 8th century BC and is considered the oldest known dam in the world, being counted as one of the most wonderful feats of

of engineering in the ancient world

30

The medieval Arab geographer Yaqut Al-Ḥamawi describes it thus

It is between

three mountains