Flashcards in Chapter 7- Section 1 Deck (34):
The philosophy that government should not interfere with commerce or trade
Refers to the supply side of the market, or all producers collectively
The nature and degree of competition among firms operating in the same industry
A large number of well-informed independent buyers and sellers who exchange identical products
Large number of buyers and sellers, no single buyer or seller large enough to affect the price
First condition of prefect competition
Buyers and sellers deal in identical products with no difference in quality
Second condition of perfect competition
Each buyer and seller act independently, ensuring buyers compete against one another for the buyers dollar and buyers compete to find the best price
Third condition of perfect competition
Buyers and sellers are reasonably well informed about products and prices.
Fourth condition of perfect competition
Buyers and sellers free to enter into, conduct, or get out of business
Fifth condition of perfect competition
What sets the equilibrium price in a perfect competition?
Supply and demand
A market structure that lacks one or more of the conditions of perfect competition.
The market structure that has all the conditions of perfect competition except for identical products
Real or imagined differences between competing products in the same industry
The use of advertising, giveaways, or other promotional campaigns to convince buyers that the product is somehow better than another brands
Changing the view of the product in the mind of the buyer
Monopolistic competition is easy to enter into. True or false?
Market structure in which a few very large sellers dominate the industry
Because oligopolistic structures are so large, ....
When one firm acts the other firms usually follow.
A formal agreement to set prices or to otherwise behave in a cooperative manner
Agreeing to charge the same or similar prices for a product
Are collisions against the law?
Yes, they restrain trade.
What is a price war?
A series of price cuts that result in unusually low prices
Easy to enter into an oligopoly. True or false?
False, it is very difficult.
Market structure with only one seller of a particular product
Local telephone companies, cable TV, and utilities are examples of?
Market situation where the costs of production are minimized by having a single firm produce the product
The exclusive right to do business in a certain area without competition
The average cost of production falls as the firm gets larger
Economies of scale
Monopoly based on the absence of other sellers in a certain geographic area
Monopoly based on ownership or control of a manufacturing method, process, or other scientific advance.
Exclusive right to manufacture, use, or sell any new and useful invention for a specific period
The exclusive right of authors or artists to publish, sell, or reproduce their work for their lifetime plus 50 years
A monopoly the government owns and operates