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Chapter 7 Urinary System > Chapter 7 Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Terms Deck (49)
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1

Caliectasis

Dilation of the calices, usually due to obstruction or infection

2

Caliceal

Pertaining relating to calyx

3

Cystitis

Inflammation of urinary bladder

4

Cystectomy

Surgical procedure to remove Bladder

5

Cystostomy

Surgical creation of an opening into the Bladder (vesicostomy)

6

Glomerular capsule

And enclosing structure as a soluble container and closing at dose of medicine a cartilaginous fatty fibrous membraneous structure enveloping another structure organ or part

7

Meatal Stenosis

(Seen only a man almost invariably in uncircumcised penises) A construction or narrowing of the urinary meatus due to irritation of urethral opening at the penile tip

8

Paranephric

Relating to adrenal gland

9

Nephropathy

Any disease of the kidney

10

Nephroptosis

Downward displacement of a kidney usually found in young women

11

Nephrolithotomy

Incision into the kidney for removal of a renal calculus

12

Hydronephrosis

Swelling of the kidneys when you're in flows is obstructed and any part of urinary tract; ureter and renal pelvis are over filled with urine

13

Nephrostomy

Establishment of an opening between the collecting systems of the kidney through it's parenchyma to the exterior of the body ;creation of a permanent fistula leading into the renal pelvis

14

Pyelolithotomy

Operating removal of a calculus in the kidney through an incision in the renal pelvis incision of the kidney pelvis for removal calculi

15

Renal Ischemia

The deficiency of blood in one or both kidneys or nephro's usually due to functional construction or actual obstruction blockage of a blood vessel (asnephric ischemia)

16

Renal Cic

Intermittent acute pain beginning in the kidney region and radiating forward and down to the abdomen genitalia and legs :the usual cause is calculi in the kidney or ureter

17

Trigonitis

Inflammation of urinary bladder localize in the trigone

18

Ureteroplasty

Surgical reconstruction of the ureter

19

Ureteroileostomy

Anastemosis of the ureter to an isolated loop of the ileum drain through an abdominal stoma

20

Urethritis

Inflammation of the urethra that is usually caused by infection

21

Urethroplasty

Surgical reconstruction of the urethra

22

Urethral stricture

Abnormal narrowing of the urethra due to inflammation or scarring from prior urethral etc.

23

Intravesical

Within the urinary bladder

24

Vesicoureteral Reflux

VUR: refers to the condition in which urine flows from the bladder back up to the ureter and back into the kidney

25

Albuminuria

Presence of protein in urine chiefly albumin but also globin

26

Azotemia

In excess of nitrogenous waste products in the blood abnormal increase in concentration of urea and other nitrogenous substances in the blood plasm

27

Bacteriurua

Presence of bacteria in the urine

28

Polydipsia

Excessive thirst that is relatively prolonged

29

Hyper Jalen is

Greater than normal concentration of potassium ions and circulating blood

30

Ketosis

A condition characterized by the enhanced production of ketone bodies as diabetes , mellitus , or starvation

31

Ketonuria

Enhance urinary excretion of Keytone bodies ;excess of Keytone bodies in urine

32

Nephrolithoasis

Presence of renal calculi a disorder characterized by presence of calculi in kidney

33

Hyponatremia

Abnormally low concentration of sodium ions in the circulating blood

34

Nocturia

Purpose for urination at night after waking from sleep typically caused by nocturnal urine volume in excess bladder capacity or incomplete emptying of the bladder because of lower urinary tract obstruction or instability

35

Olgiuria

Skate urine production abnormal slight infrequent urination

36

Eruthroprotein

A glycoprotein hormone secreted by the kidney in the adult in by the liver in the fetus which acts like stem cells of the bone marrow to stimulate red blood cell production

37

Pyuria

Presence of purse in the urine when voided usually a sign of urinary tract infection

38

Lithotripsy

The use of high energy shockwaves to fragment and destroy kidney stones

39

Uremia

And excess of urea, creatine,and other nitrogenous waste products of protein and amino acids metabolism and blood referred to as Azotemia

40

Enuresis

Bedwetting a type of urinary incontinence and usually referring to involuntary discharge of urine during sleep at night

41

Diuresis

Excretion of your income need to know to production of unusually large volumes of urine increased

42

Antidovertic hormone

ADH : neuroendocrine secretion from the posterior pituitary; ask in the kid need to increase the retention of water room body fluid increases

43

Urinary incontinence

Unintentional loss of your own that is sufficient enough and frequent an amount to cause physical and or emotional distress and the person experiencing it

44

Urinary retention

Inability to completely avoid the urine urinary bladder ;accumulation of year and with in the bladder because of inability to urinate

45

Dysuria

Difficult pain to urinate

46

Anuria

Absence of your information complete suppression of your in formation by the kidney

47

Hematuria

Discharge of blood in urine

48

Glycosuria

Urinary excretion of carbohydrates

49

Polyuria

Excessive excretion of urine resulting in profuse and frequent microturition ; excessive passage of urine