Chapter 8 Definitions: Middle Adulthood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Definitions: Middle Adulthood Deck (21):
1

Osteoporosis:

A condition, often brought about by a lack of calcium in the diet which the bones become brittle, fragile and thin
- Women have a greater risk
- Genetic

2

Presbyopia:

- A nearly universal change in eyesight during middle adulthood that results in some loss of near vision

3

Glaucoma:

- A condition in which pressure in the fluid of the eye increases, either because the fluid cannot drain properly or because too much fluid is produced

4

Presbycusis:

Loss of ability to hear sounds of high frequency

5

Female Climacteric:

The period that marks the transition from being able to bear children to being unable to do so
- age 45- lasting 15 to 20 years

6

Menopause:

the ceasing of the menstraul cycle

7

Male Climacteric:

The period of physical and psychological change relating to the male reproductive system that occur during late middle age

8

Type A behaviour pattern:

Behaviour characterized by competitiveness, impatience and a tendency toward frustration and hostility
- Multitaskers

9

Type B behaviour pattern:

Behaviour characterized by non competitiveness, patience, and a lack of aggression
- little sense of time urgency

10

Fluid Intelligence:

Information processing capabilities, reasoning and memory
- genetic factors

11

Crystallized Intelligence:

- The accumulation of information, skills and strategies that people have learned through experience and that they can apply in problem- solving situations

12

Schemas:

Organized bodies of information stored in memory
- allowing people to categorize and interpret new information
- e.g schemas for eating at a restaurant -> we know what is like and how to treat the service

13

Normative- crises models:

- The approach to personality development that is based on fairly universal stages tied to a sequence of age related crises
- People move through a series of stages and crises in their lifespan

14

Life Events Models:

The approach to personality development that is based on the timing of particular events in an adults life rather than on age per se
- eg. women age 21 having her first child will have the same psychological event as someone going through it at age 39

15

Generativity versus stagnation:

According to Erikson, the stage during middle adulthood in which people consider their contributions to family and society
-> generativity: making a contribution to family, community and work/ society
-> Stagnation

16

Midlife Crises:

- A stage of uncertainty and indecisions brought about by the realization that life is finite
- People tend to skip this and actually feel quite content with their lives

17

Empty Nest Syndrome:

- The experience that relates to parents feelings of unhappiness, worry, loneliness, and depression resulting from their children's departure from home

18

Boomerang Children:

Young adults who return, after leaving home for some period to live in the homes of their middle-aged parents

19

Sandwhich Generation:

Adults who, in middle adulthood, must fulfill the needs of both children and aging parents
- marrying later and having children later, and people are living longer

20

Cycle of violence hypothesis:

The theory that abuse and neglect of children leads them to be predisposed to abusiveness as adults

21

Burnout:

A situation that occurs when highly trained professionals experienced dissatisfaction, disillusionment, frustration, and weariness from their jobs
- occurs most often in jobs that involve helping others