Chapter 8-Exercise Psychology For The Personal Trainer Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8-Exercise Psychology For The Personal Trainer Deck (16)
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State anxiety is:

Actual experience of anxiety characterized by feelings of apprehension or threat combined with increased fight/flight/freeze

1

Trait anxiety is

One disposition towards perceiving situations as threatening

2

Exercise can result in decreased anxiety due to rhythmic nature

True

3

Stress reduction could be possible due to thermogenesis effect

Yes

4

Exercise can reduce depression due to:

Maintaining dopamine

Increased norepinephrine

Increased social interaction

5

Cognitive benefits of exercise could be due to:

Vascular changes in the brain

Increases expression of genes that code for neurotrophic factors

Increased neural efficiency

6

Exercise and fitness is particularly important to those identified as at risk for dementia

Try

7

Process goals

Client has high degree of control.

Includes amount of effort, form, and attitude

8

Outcome goals

Exemplified by social comparison

Ex: strongest lifter, fastest runner

9

Performance goals

Exemplified by reference to personal performance standards

Intermediate on the goal continuum

10

What are the Practical Principles of Effective Goal Setting?

1. Make goals specific, measurable and observable
2. Identify time constraints
3. Use moderately difficult goals
4. Record goals and monitor progress
5. Diversify process, performance, and outcomes
6. Set short range goals to achieve long range goals
7. Make sure goals are internalized (clients should participate or set their own)

11

Amotivation

Total lack of intrinsic or extrinsic motivation

12

External regulation

Behavior to avoid punishment, not for personal satisfaction

13

Introjected regulation

Client views exercise and training behavior as a means to a valued end

Eg., getting into correct start position is partly to please the trainer

14

Identified regulation

Client accepts trainer's instructions as beneficial but primarily follows leadership of the trainer instead of initiating exercise behavior

15

Integrated regulation

Client personally values exercise, internalizes it, and freely engages in it, agrees on goals for the client